Brasov Fortifications Tour (Self Guided), Brasov

Frequent invasions by Turkish Tatars caused the Brasov residents of the 13th to 15th centuries to construct fortifications surrounding the settlement. Brasov became known as the “stronghold of seven bastions.” Numerous towers were constructed among the bastions but they were ruined and you can see only a few of them today. There are six bastions preserved. Take the Brasov Fortifications Tour and enjoy the mystic atmosphere of the old constructions.
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Brasov Fortifications Tour Map

Guide Name: Brasov Fortifications Tour
Guide Location: Romania » Brasov (See other walking tours in Brasov)
Guide Type: Self-guided Walking Tour (Sightseeing)
# of Attractions: 10
Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.9 Km or 1.8 Miles
Author: ellen
Sight(s) Featured in This Guide:
  • Black Tower (Turnul Negru)
  • White Tower (Turnul Alb)
  • Graft Bastion (Bastionul Graft)
  • Smiths' Bastion (Bastionul Fierarior)
  • Catherine's Gate (Poarta Ecaterinei)
  • Scaffold's Gate (Poarta Schei)
  • Weavers' Bastion (Bastionul Tesatorilor)
  • Spinners' Bastion (Bastionul Funarilor)
  • Drapers' Bastion (Bastionul Postavarilor)
  • Furriers’ Bastion (Bastionul Cojocarilor)
1
Black Tower (Turnul Negru)

1) Black Tower (Turnul Negru)

The Black Tower is not far from Bastionul Fierarilor. It is placed on Warthe Hill. The tower was constructed in the 15th century at the same time as the White Tower. It got its name after a fire in 1689, when its wall became black. The tower has 11 m height and its walls are 2 m thick. Each side of the tower has six shooting holes arranged two by two in three lines. The tower was damaged several times. There is a small museum in the Turnul Negru that tells its history.
2
White Tower (Turnul Alb)

2) White Tower (Turnul Alb) (must see)

The White Tower was built between 1460 and 1494 and represents one of the most massive constructions of the fortification. The walls are 4 m thick in the basement and the tower is 19 m in diameter. It has battlements, holes for pitch and balconies. The tower is connected to Graft Bastion with a bridge. A fireplace is still preserved in the interior of the tower. The last restoration of the construction took place in 2005-2006 and today there is a museum in the tower's hall.
3
Graft Bastion (Bastionul Graft)

3) Graft Bastion (Bastionul Graft) (must see)

The Graft Bastion was constructed in 1515-1521 to connect soldiers of the town with the White Tower. It is conveniently located in the northwest of the Old Town fortification. The walls of the bastion are 4 m thick in the basement and the constructions consist of two floors and an attic. Shooting holes and holes for pitch are still well preserved. Because of a large flood that took place at the beginning of the 19th century, the exterior wall of the Graft Bastion was greatly weakened. The construction was renovated from 2004 to 2005 and today it contains one of the sections of the Brasov Historical Museum with a collection of weapons, documents and photographs on its second floor.
4
Smiths' Bastion (Bastionul Fierarior)

4) Smiths' Bastion (Bastionul Fierarior)

The bastion is located in the corner of the Brasov fortress and has existed since 1521. The construction has a pentagonal form, shooting holes and holes for pitch. Bastionul Fierarilor was damaged by several hard rains and floods and it got its current look in the beginning of the 18th century, with some reconstruction done later. In 1923, it was converted into the Brasov Archives Headquarters, whose documentation was taken from the Council House to the bastion and is still kept there today.
5
Catherine's Gate (Poarta Ecaterinei)

5) Catherine's Gate (Poarta Ecaterinei) (must see)

Catherine's Gate (or Poarta Ecaterinei as they call it in Romanian) is part of the old defensive complex. It was built in 1559 by the local Tailors’ Guild to replace the old gate which was destroyed by flooding in 1526. It is named after the St. Catherine's Monastery that stood here before. This is the only original city gate to have survived since the medieval period. Interesting fact is that during the Saxon rule - between the 13th and the 17th centuries - the Romanians were forbidden from owning property inside the fortress and could only enter the town at certain times. At entry, they were to pay a toll for the privilege of selling their goods inside the citadel. The four small corner turrets of the gate symbolize the town's judicial autonomy and in particular "the right of the sword" which is the right to execute. Above the gate is the city's coat of arms, featuring a crown on an oak tree trunk and roots.
6
Scaffold's Gate (Poarta Schei)

6) Scaffold's Gate (Poarta Schei)

The Scaffold's Gate (or Poarta Schei) was built in 1827 for the purpose of streamlining traffic going into the city. This gate has three arches: a big one in the middle is for vehicles, while the two smaller ones are for pedestrians. There is a plate with Latin inscription on it that says the gate was built after a visit by King Francisc I to Brasov in 1817.
7
Weavers' Bastion (Bastionul Tesatorilor)

7) Weavers' Bastion (Bastionul Tesatorilor) (must see)

The Weavers' Bastion is located in the southwest of Brasov fortification in an area of 1.616 sq. m. The bastion has four levels with 4 m thick walls in the basement and 1 m in the fourth level. It was constructed by weavers, hence the name. The bastion has shooting holes and two watch towers. Its architecture is unique for southeastern Europe. Earlier, the bastion served as a depository; then due to its high-quality acoustics, it served as a venue for opera performances. Today, there is a museum where you can see a model of Brasov Fortress, old weapons and weavers’ products.
8
Spinners' Bastion (Bastionul Funarilor)

8) Spinners' Bastion (Bastionul Funarilor)

The Spinners' Bastion is the first documentary-registered bastion of Brasov. It was first mentioned in 1416. The bastion has a hexagonal form with 12 m length and shooting holes in the walls. In the 15th and 17th centuries it suffered greatly from floods. After renovation, it served as a depository. The last reconstruction was performed in 2005.
9
Drapers' Bastion (Bastionul Postavarilor)

9) Drapers' Bastion (Bastionul Postavarilor)

The Drapers' Bastion is one of the six bastions of the preserved Brasov Fortresses. It is located in the southwestern corner of the fortification line. It was constructed between 1450 and 1455. The construction has an elliptical form with four levels, 16 m in diameter. It is one of the best-preserved bastions in the city. A new glass dome is planned to be added to the architecture. The bastions’ building is going to be used as a museum in its honor.
10
Furriers’ Bastion (Bastionul Cojocarilor)

10) Furriers’ Bastion (Bastionul Cojocarilor)

Furriers’ Bastion is located next to the Drapers' Bastion and was constructed in 1452. It is a heptagonal construction, with shooting holes and holes for pitch. Brick arches were added later, yet it's still a half-demolished construction. Furriers’ Bastion has a connection to the Drapers' Bastion. The last renovation was held in 2005.

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