City Orientation Walk (Self Guided), Brasov

This orientation walk covers top 14 attractions of Brasov, including the city's medieval fortifications, museums, and architectural monuments. The imposing grandeur of these magnificent structures stands witness of and provides insight into the city's eventful history, both ancient and recent.
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City Orientation Walk Map

Guide Name: City Orientation Walk
Guide Location: Romania » Brasov (See other walking tours in Brasov)
Guide Type: Self-guided Walking Tour (Sightseeing)
# of Attractions: 14
Tour Duration: 2 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.7 Km or 2.3 Miles
Author: ellen
1
House of Council (Casa Sfatului)

1) House of Council (Casa Sfatului) (must see)

One of the most prominent local buildings is Casa Sfatului (The Council House). The original Council House was built in the 16th century and stood in this place until the 20th century when it was demolished and replaced with the more modern building that we see today. Since 1950 it has housed a local history museum. The square where it stands marks the center of the Old Town; the narrow streets nearby are filled with numerous restaurants and cafes.
2
Black Church (Biserica Neagra)

2) Black Church (Biserica Neagra) (must see)

Biserica Neagră or Black Church is a magnificent cathedral built by the local German community; hence the typically German Gothic style. This is the largest Lutheran church in Transylvania, standing 65 meters high, 89 meters long and 38 meters wide. The cathedral has a six-ton bell - the biggest bell in Romania, an impressive 4,000 pipe organ built in 1839, and a rich collection of Anatolian carpets (donated in the Middle Ages by Transylvanian Saxon merchants).
3
Johannes Honterus Statue

3) Johannes Honterus Statue

Just outside the Church, next to the front door, stands a monument to the great Transylvanian humanist and reformer, Johannes Honterus, who lived in the 16th century. The statue was created by German sculptor Harro Magnussen to mark Honterus's 400th jubilee in 1898. In its left hand the statue holds a book on reforms in education, while its right hand points toward the nearby school building, which is quite symbolical.
4
Catherine's Gate (Poarta Ecaterinei)

4) Catherine's Gate (Poarta Ecaterinei) (must see)

Catherine's Gate (or Poarta Ecaterinei as they call it in Romanian) is part of the old defensive complex. It was built in 1559 by the local Tailors’ Guild to replace the old gate which was destroyed by flooding in 1526. It is named after the St. Catherine's Monastery that stood here before. This is the only original city gate to have survived since the medieval period. Interesting fact is that during the Saxon rule - between the 13th and the 17th centuries - the Romanians were forbidden from owning property inside the fortress and could only enter the town at certain times. At entry, they were to pay a toll for the privilege of selling their goods inside the citadel. The four small corner turrets of the gate symbolize the town's judicial autonomy and in particular "the right of the sword" which is the right to execute. Above the gate is the city's coat of arms, featuring a crown on an oak tree trunk and roots.
5
Scaffold's Gate (Poarta Schei)

5) Scaffold's Gate (Poarta Schei)

The Scaffold's Gate (or Poarta Schei) was built in 1827 for the purpose of streamlining traffic going into the city. This gate has three arches: a big one in the middle is for vehicles, while the two smaller ones are for pedestrians. There is a plate with Latin inscription on it that says the gate was built after a visit by King Francisc I to Brasov in 1817.
6
Strada Sforii (String Street)

6) Strada Sforii (String Street) (must see)

Strada Sforii (which means the 'string street') is the narrowest street in the city. It is also said to be one of the narrowest streets in the whole of Europe. It was initially built as a corridor for firemen and was first documented in the 17th century. Strada sforii is now a tourist attraction. It stands between only 111 and 135 centimeters wide, and 80 meters long.
7
Weavers' Bastion (Bastionul Tesatorilor)

7) Weavers' Bastion (Bastionul Tesatorilor) (must see)

The Weavers' Bastion is located in the southwest of Brasov fortification in an area of 1.616 sq. m. The bastion has four levels with 4 m thick walls in the basement and 1 m in the fourth level. It was constructed by weavers, hence the name. The bastion has shooting holes and two watch towers. Its architecture is unique for southeastern Europe. Earlier, the bastion served as a depository; then due to its high-quality acoustics, it served as a venue for opera performances. Today, there is a museum where you can see a model of Brasov Fortress, old weapons and weavers’ products.
8
Spinners' Bastion (Bastionul Funarilor)

8) Spinners' Bastion (Bastionul Funarilor)

The Spinners' Bastion is the first documentary-registered bastion of Brasov. It was first mentioned in 1416. The bastion has a hexagonal form with 12 m length and shooting holes in the walls. In the 15th and 17th centuries it suffered greatly from floods. After renovation, it served as a depository. The last reconstruction was performed in 2005.
9
Drapers' Bastion (Bastionul Postavarilor)

9) Drapers' Bastion (Bastionul Postavarilor)

The Drapers' Bastion is one of the six bastions of the preserved Brasov Fortresses. It is located in the southwestern corner of the fortification line. It was constructed between 1450 and 1455. The construction has an elliptical form with four levels, 16 m in diameter. It is one of the best-preserved bastions in the city. A new glass dome is planned to be added to the architecture. The bastions’ building is going to be used as a museum in its honor.
10
Furriers’ Bastion (Bastionul Cojocarilor)

10) Furriers’ Bastion (Bastionul Cojocarilor)

Furriers’ Bastion is located next to the Drapers' Bastion and was constructed in 1452. It is a heptagonal construction, with shooting holes and holes for pitch. Brick arches were added later, yet it's still a half-demolished construction. Furriers’ Bastion has a connection to the Drapers' Bastion. The last renovation was held in 2005.
11
Brasov Prefecture

11) Brasov Prefecture (must see)

The Brasov Prefecture was built in the early 1900s at the request of the local Chief Justice, Georg von Weer. The imposing Palace of Justice boasts Neo-Baroque style which is quite typical of the Hungarian Budapest historic monuments of that period. The influence of the neighboring Hungary is thus quite obvious.
12
City Hall (Primaria)

12) City Hall (Primaria) (must see)

The City Hall is a classic example of Art-Nouveau architecture created in 1898. Initially it was designed as a Treasury Hall. This three story building has some prominent decorations, such as the hexagonal-shaped towers flanking the corners and an elaborate Art-Nouveau facade with a clock at the top. The City Hall bears a strong influence of the Austro-Hungarian Imperial style.
13
Art and Ethnography Museums

13) Art and Ethnography Museums (must see)

Originated in 1902 this edifice houses two museums - The Art and The Ethnography - under one roof. The Art Museum comprises six halls holding paintings, sculpture and decorative art. The collection includes 18th century works by prominent local artists. The Ethnography Museum displays a permanent collection of national textile. The centerpiece of its exhibition is the Transylvanian market where the local weavers bring their products to sell.
14
Republicii Street

14) Republicii Street

Just as any other European city these days, Brasov has its own pedestrian shopping thoroughfare. The Republicii Street abounds in numerous shops, cafes and restaurants occupying ground floors of the historic buildings. The seen here architectural styles are various and include Baroque, Gothic, Rococo, and Imperial. Most of the buildings here date back to the 19th century. Of these particularly notable are The Romanian National Bank, featuring Jugend style, and the Coroana hotel Eclectic style building.

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