Baku's Architectural Jewels, Baku

Baku's Architectural Jewels (Self Guided), Baku

The city of Baku is an architectural marvel that delights with its historic buildings, grand mansions and cultural diversity. The Old City, for example, is full of fantastic old mosques and palaces that are listed as heritage monuments by UNESCO. The city is especially beautiful at night when it is wonderfully illuminated. Follow this self-guided walking tour to see the most impressive architectural sights in Baku.
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Baku's Architectural Jewels Map

Guide Name: Baku's Architectural Jewels
Guide Location: Azerbaijan » Baku (See other walking tours in Baku)
Guide Type: Self-guided Walking Tour (Sightseeing)
# of Attractions: 7
Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.8 Km or 2.4 Miles
Author: ellen
Sight(s) Featured in This Guide:
  • Teze Pir Mosque
  • Mukhtarov's Mansion
  • Ismailiyya Palace
  • Shirvanshahs Palace
  • Hajinski Palace
  • Baku Business Centre
  • Government Building
1
Teze Pir Mosque

1) Teze Pir Mosque

Taza Pir Mosque (also Tazapir, Teze Pir, Teze-Pir, Tezepir) is a mosque in Baku, Azerbaijan. It was finished in 1914 and built in honour of the philanthropist.

Construction of the mosque was started in 1905 by architect Ziver bey Ahmadbeyov under the patronage of Nabat Khanum Ashurbayova. After the death of the patron, the construction was suspended. Soon, however, it resumed with the support of her son and was completed in 1914.

Only 3 years after opening the mosque was closed in connection with the October Revolution in 1917. Over the years the mosque functioned as a cinema and a barn, and since 1943 to present day - as a mosque. Akhund of the mosque is the Grand Mufti of the Caucasus Allahshukur Pashazadeh.

Interior of the mosque has an area of 1400 square meters and decorated with ornaments of painting schools of Azerbaijan plus with samples from eastern ornaments. The height of the dome and a half meters. The mihrab and dome of the mosque made of marble, while decorative elements of the mosque, the tops of minarets and labels are made of gold.
Sight description based on Wikipedia.
2
Mukhtarov's Mansion

2) Mukhtarov's Mansion

The Mukhtarov's Mansion is located in the centre of Istiglaliyyat Avenue (Independence Avenue). Built in the early 1910s by Azerbaijan oil millionaire Murtuza Mukhtarov, it was inspired by the magnate’s travels to Venice. Notable architected Jozef Ploshko designed this French Gothic edifice among a number of great buildings in the city.
3
Ismailiyya Palace

3) Ismailiyya Palace

Ismailiyya Palace is a historic building on Istiglaliyyat Street. Construction on the palace was completed in 1913. The Venetian Gothic building was constructed for the Muslim Charity Society with funding by Azerbaijani industrial oil magnate Musa Naghiyev. It was named in honor of Naghiyev's deceased son, Ismayil.

The palace was designed with inspiration from a palace in Switzerland. This inspiration was chosen by Naghiyev as he often saw the Swiss palace while visiting his son as he was undergoing treatments for his illness. Naghiyev sent architect Józef Plośko to Switzerland for three years so he could study the building while drawing up plans for the palace.

The palace has carved, golden letters on the facade that show its intent for the Muslim Charity Society. It also has a stone statue surrounded by angels. The angels were meant to represent the grandchildren that Naghiyev would have had if his son had survived his illness.

Ismailiyya Palace currently serves as the Presidium of the Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan.
4
Shirvanshahs Palace

4) Shirvanshahs Palace

Shirvanshahs Palace is a 15th-century palace in Baku's Inner City. The palace complex includes the main building, the burial vaults, the shah's mosque, a mausoleum, a gate, a reservoir and the ruins of a bath house and an ancient mosque.

The palace was built under the orders of Shirvan Khalil I in 1435. Inscriptions on his tomb and the mosque minaret show that the palace was completed sometime between 1436 and 1442. It is believed that the construction was based on the designs of the Shirvan-Absheron architectural school.

The palace was once surrounded by a wall with towers. It also once had rooms for court servants. Though none of the walls or service areas remain, remnants of the construction have been uncovered by archaeologists.

Shirvanshahs Palace was declared a museum-preserve in 1964. Restoration work on the palace began in 1992. In 2000, the palace was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Along with Maiden Tower, the palace was the first area in Azerbaijan to hold the World Heritage Site distinction.
5
Hajinski Palace

5) Hajinski Palace

This magnificent palace is one of the finest old buildings in all of Baku. It was built at the turn of the 20th Century by Azerbaijani oil magnate and philanthropist Isabey Hajinski. There is an obelisk on the site dedicated to former French president Charles de Gaulle, who stayed at the palace.
6
Baku Business Centre

6) Baku Business Centre

The Baku Business Centre is a brand new building located within a national park on the main city boulevard. This three-story modern building features almost 5,000 square metres of floor space for commerce and exhibitions. Its soft outline and arched entryway give this contemporary centre an Islamic flair.
7
Government Building

7) Government Building

The Government House of Baku, also known as House of Government, is a government building housing various state ministries of Azerbaijan. It is located on Neftchiler Avenue and faces the Baku Boulevard. The rear side of the building faces busy Uzeyir Hajibeyov Street of central Baku. Government House was designed for 5,500 people.

In 1934, the Soviet authorities announced a tender for construction of Baku Soviet Palace (later renamed to Government House). The competition was won by well known architects Lev Rudnev, V.O. Munts and K. Tkachenko. With some alterations to the project, the building of the Government House was built in 1936 — 1952.

The building housed many organizations and business firms after restoration of Azerbaijani independence in 1991. In 2006, the government of Azerbaijan started renovation works of the building and completed the project in 2010.
Sight description based on Wikipedia.

Walking Tours in Baku, Azerbaijan

Create Your Own Walk in Baku

Create Your Own Walk in Baku

Creating your own self-guided walk in Baku is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
Baku Introduction Walking Tour

Baku Introduction Walking Tour

Baku is the capital city of Azerbaijan. It is also the country's largest city with about 25 percent of the nation's population located here.

A city existed on the site of Baku since at least the 5th century ADE. The city at that time was called Bagavan. The first record of its modern name appeared in 938 when it was called Bakuh. The city was a domain of the Arab Caliphate, followed...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 4.5 Km or 2.8 Miles
Baku Old City Walking Tour

Baku Old City Walking Tour

Baku's "Ichari Shahar" [pronounced ee-char-EE sha-HAR], which literally means Inner City, is also often referred to by foreigners as the Old City. This unique architectural preserve differs considerably from other ancient places in Azerbaijan and is replete with fascinating architectural monuments. The most prominent of them are the 12th-century, 97-foot Maiden Tower (the most...  view more

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.0 Km or 0.6 Miles