Baku's Architectural Jewels, Baku

Baku's Architectural Jewels (Self Guided), Baku

The city of Baku is an architectural marvel that delights with its historic buildings, grand mansions and cultural diversity. The Old City, for example, is full of fantastic old mosques and palaces that are listed as heritage monuments by UNESCO. The city is especially beautiful at night when it is wonderfully illuminated. Take our tour to see the most impressive architectural sights in Baku.
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Baku's Architectural Jewels Map

Guide Name: Baku's Architectural Jewels
Guide Location: Azerbaijan » Baku (See other walking tours in Baku)
Guide Type: Self-guided Walking Tour (Sightseeing)
# of Attractions: 10
Tour Duration: 3 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 6.5 Km or 4 Miles
Author: ellen
Sight(s) Featured in This Guide:
  • Teze Pir Mosque
  • Mukhtarov's Mansion
  • State Philharmonic Hall
  • Academy of Sciences
  • Shirvanshahs Palace
  • Hajinski Palace
  • Baku Business Centre
  • Government Building
  • Theatre of Opera and Ballet
  • Palace Named After H.Aliyev
Teze Pir Mosque

1) Teze Pir Mosque (must see)

Taza Pir Mosque (also Tazapir, Teze Pir, Teze-Pir, Tezepir) is a mosque in Baku, Azerbaijan. It was finished in 1914 and built in honour of the philanthropist.

Construction of the mosque was started in 1905 by architect Ziver bey Ahmadbeyov under the patronage of Nabat Khanum Ashurbayova. After the death of the patron, the construction was suspended. Soon, however, it resumed with the support of her son and was completed in 1914.

Only 3 years after opening the mosque was closed in connection with the October Revolution in 1917. Over the years the mosque functioned as a cinema and a barn, and since 1943 to present day - as a mosque. Akhund of the mosque is the Grand Mufti of the Caucasus Allahshukur Pashazadeh.

Interior of the mosque has an area of 1400 square meters and decorated with ornaments of painting schools of Azerbaijan plus with samples from eastern ornaments. The height of the dome and a half meters. The mihrab and dome of the mosque made of marble, while decorative elements of the mosque, the tops of minarets and labels are made of gold.
Sight description based on Wikipedia.
Mukhtarov's Mansion

2) Mukhtarov's Mansion

The Mukhtarov's Mansion is located in the centre of Istiglaliyyat Avenue (Independence Avenue). Built in the early 1910s by Azerbaijan oil millionaire Murtuza Mukhtarov, it was inspired by the magnate’s travels to Venice. Notable architected Jozef Ploshko designed this French Gothic edifice among a number of great buildings in the city.
State Philharmonic Hall

3) State Philharmonic Hall (must see)

The Magomayev Azerbaijan State Philharmonic Hall, located in Baku, is the main concert hall in Azerbaijan built in 1912 at the request of the city elite and designed by the architect Gabriel Ter-Mikelov in the Italian Renaissance (exterior) and German Rococo (interior) styles. Its design was inspired by the architectural style of buildings within the Monte-Carlo Casino, particularly l'Opéra de Monte-Carlo.

The society was originally organized as a club for the wealthy of Baku, who attended it for banquets and entertainment. On 11 August 1937 after the building underwent renovation it was named after composer Muslim Magomayev. In 1936, the club was reorganized into a residence for the Philharmonic society aimed at promoting Azerbaijani classical and folk music. The opening of the fully renovated building took place on 27 January 2004. The main building consists of the Summer Hall (1100 seats) and the Winter Hall (610 seats) joined by a single stage.
Sight description based on Wikipedia.
Academy of Sciences

4) Academy of Sciences (must see)

Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, located in Baku, is the main state research organization in Azerbaijan. It was established in 1935.

The Academy was based on the Azerbaijan Society for Scientific Research and Studies, which was first affiliated with Baku State University and later with the USSR Academy of Sciences. In 1945, the USSR Council of People's Commissars ordered the society to be reorganized into the Academy of Sciences of the Azerbaijan SSR. During its first year, the Academy numbered 15 members; Uzeyir Hajibeyov and Samad Vurgun among them. The Presidium is currently located in the historical Ismailiyya building on Istiglaliyyat Street in the center of Baku.
Sight description based on Wikipedia.
Shirvanshahs Palace

5) Shirvanshahs Palace (must see)

Palace of the Shirvanshahs is the biggest monument of the Shirvan-Absheron branch of the Azerbaijan architecture, situated in the Inner City of Baku. The complex contains the main building of the palace, Divanhane, the burial-vaults, the shah's mosque with a minaret, Seyid Yahya Bakuvi's mausoleum, a portal in the east - Murad's gate, a reservoir and the remnants of the bath-house.

The main building of the complex was started in 1411 by Shirvanshah Sheykh Ibrahim I. The two-storey building of the palace numbers about 50 different dimensions and outlines of the constructions connected with 3 narrow winding staircases.

Divankhana is a small stone pavilion. It is situated inside a small courtyard surrounded by a gallery-arcade on three sides.

The Mausoleum of the Shirvanshahs is of a rectangular shape and crowned with a hexahedral cupola which is decorated from outside with multi-radial stars.

The Palace Mosque (1430s) is situated in the lower court of the complex. The laconicism of its prismatic volumes, completed with two slightly pointed cupolas, is shaded by a well-proportioned vertical line of the minaret rising above in the north-eastern corner of the building.
Sight description based on Wikipedia.
Hajinski Palace

6) Hajinski Palace

This magnificent palace is one of the finest old buildings in all of Baku. It was built at the turn of the 20th Century by Azerbaijani oil magnate and philanthropist Isabey Hajinski. There is an obelisk on the site dedicated to former French president Charles de Gaulle, who stayed at the palace.
Baku Business Centre

7) Baku Business Centre

The Baku Business Centre is a brand new building located within a national park on the main city boulevard. This three-story modern building features almost 5,000 square metres of floor space for commerce and exhibitions. Its soft outline and arched entryway give this contemporary centre an Islamic flair.
Government Building

8) Government Building (must see)

The Government House of Baku, also known as House of Government, is a government building housing various state ministries of Azerbaijan. It is located on Neftchiler Avenue and faces the Baku Boulevard. The rear side of the building faces busy Uzeyir Hajibeyov Street of central Baku. Government House was designed for 5,500 people.

In 1934, the Soviet authorities announced a tender for construction of Baku Soviet Palace (later renamed to Government House). The competition was won by well known architects Lev Rudnev, V.O. Munts and K. Tkachenko. With some alterations to the project, the building of the Government House was built in 1936 — 1952.

The building housed many organizations and business firms after restoration of Azerbaijani independence in 1991. In 2006, the government of Azerbaijan started renovation works of the building and completed the project in 2010.
Sight description based on Wikipedia.
Theatre of Opera and Ballet

9) Theatre of Opera and Ballet (must see)

The Akhundov Azerbaijan State Academic Opera and Ballet Theatre has an interesting back story. According to an urban legend, Daniel Mailov admired the voice of Nezhdanova so much he offered to build an opera house in her honor. The renowned soprano was the first person to perform at the new opera house. In 1916, the theatre acquired its first resident opera company before becoming a state theatre in 1920. In 1959, it received the status of an academic theatre. After a mysterious fire in 1985, the theatre was fully restored and reopened in 1987.
Sight description based on Wikipedia.
Palace Named After H.Aliyev

10) Palace Named After H.Aliyev

The Palace named after H. Aliyev is a former Republic Palace that was renamed in 2003. Built in the Soviet period, the building’s architecture is typical of those times. Today it is the largest music venue in all of Azerbaijan. Major public events like presidential inaugurations are also held here. Look out for the beautiful public garden with charming flowerbeds adjacent to the palace.

Walking Tours in Baku, Azerbaijan

Create Your Own Walk in Baku

Create Your Own Walk in Baku

Creating your own self-guided walk in Baku is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
Baku Introduction Walking Tour

Baku Introduction Walking Tour

The city of Baku in Azerbaijan attracts thousands of visitors from all over the world each year to see its unique historical and architectural monuments. The Azerbaijani capital is home to dozens of interesting memorials and statues, picturesque squares and dancing musical fountains. Take this walk to see the most alluring attractions in Baku.

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.8 Km or 1.7 Miles