Historical Churches and Cathedrals Walking Tour (Self Guided), Havana

Discovered and conquered by Spanish colonists in the early 16th century, Havana has turned into a major religious center of Catholicism in the Caribbean. Although a communist regime is currently in power, many of the churches, cathedrals, and other religious buildings have been preserved and still give a glimpse of the city’s religious heritage.

The old Havana Cathedral, located in a beautiful square of the Old Town, is among the most important symbols for its architectural style and for having been named the Cathedral of Peace. One of the oldest cathedrals in America, its construction began in 1748 by the Jesuits and was completed 29 years later by the Franciscans. Inside, you may see a splendid altar made in Rome, along with many gilded sculptures, or climb the tower for a small fee and have a view over town.

Furthermore, on a corner of the Plaza de Armas, you may visit El Templete ("Little Temple") – a charming copy of a Doric temple, and the nearby Minor Basilica of Saint Francis of Assisi, completed in 1730 in baroque style with a 40-meter bell tower, which once served as Havana’s main church. Ending the trip is Havana’s oldest Christian site, dating from the 1630s, when it was a hermitage for the devotions of free blacks.

For gorgeous architecture and amazing religious history, this self-guided tour is a definite must!
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Historical Churches and Cathedrals Walking Tour Map

Guide Name: Historical Churches and Cathedrals Walking Tour
Guide Location: Cuba » Havana (See other walking tours in Havana)
Guide Type: Self-guided Walking Tour (Sightseeing)
# of Attractions: 6
Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.1 Km or 1.9 Miles
Author: kane
Sight(s) Featured in This Guide:
  • Iglesia del Santo Cristo del Buen Viaje (Church of the Good Voyage)
  • Havana Cathedral
  • El Templete (Little Temple)
  • Basílica Menor de San Francisco de Asís (Minor Basilica of Saint Francis of Assisi)
  • Iglesia de San Francisco de Paula (Saint Francis of Paula Church)
  • Iglesia del Espíritu Santo (Church of the Holy Spirit)
1
Iglesia del Santo Cristo del Buen Viaje (Church of the Good Voyage)

1) Iglesia del Santo Cristo del Buen Viaje (Church of the Good Voyage)

The Iglesia del Santo Cristo del Buen Viaje was constructed in mid 17th century and in 1693, it was certified as a parish church by the most distinguished priest of the Cuban episcopate - Bishop Avelino de Compostela.

Built at a time in which transatlantic crossings were risky, it acquired popularity during colonial times as a temple dedicated to travelers and navigators. Travelers and especially sailors would visit before leaving on a journey, and to pay their respects upon arriving back on land. There's a picture of Christ on the Cross inside the church, which is believed to keep travelers from harm.

Later during Cuba's republican era, the devotion to Santa Rita was added to the church.

The Iglesia Santo Cristo del Buen Viaje is distinguished for its simplicity, symmetry and baroque façade; it is also notable for its twin hexagonal towers, the tower of the Epistle and the tower of the Gospel. The latter contains four bells, the oldest was cast in the year 1515. There is an outward flaring arch over the entryway. The nave has a Hispano-moorish Mudéjar wood ceiling and an ancient crucifix which is over three centuries old.

The Iglesia Santo Cristo del Buen Viaje was the last station on the Stations of the Cross, a procession that started at the old St Francis church and proceeded to el Santo Cristo through Calle Amargura. The church and its Plaza have received penitents in need of spiritual rest and comfort for centuries.
Sight description based on wikipedia
2
Havana Cathedral

2) Havana Cathedral (must see)

Constructed by the Jesuits (1748–77) on the site of an earlier church, Havana Cathedral is one of eleven Catholic cathedrals on the island. It is sometimes dubbed as Christopher Cathedral for being the place where Christopher Columbus’ remains were kept between 1796 and 1898 before they were returned to Spain after the Cuban War of Independence.

The Cathedral is said to be the only example of a baroque facade that was designed with asymmetrical features – one of the towers is wider than the other. This particular feature was conceived in order to allow the water that tended to accumulate on the plaza to freely flow through the streets during the colonial period when it was built.

Cuban writer Alejo Carpentier famously described the Cathedral as "music set in stone". In fact, its structure is notable for being built with stones which are very different from what are used to in Europe. The stones lend the cathedral a particular color and it is really beautiful. Nearby there are terraces, music, and people all around offering drinks, food, cigars, and many more – the essence of the city.

Tip:
Note that despite the official opening times, the Cathedral is often locked, though you can sometimes gain access just before mass. Admission is free, although there is a small charge if you wish to go up the bell tower. Cover-ups for those with short shorts or bare shoulders are available for free

Opening Hours:
Mon-Fri: 10:30am-3pm; Sat: 10:30am-2pm; Sun: 9am-12pm

Mass:
Mon, Fri: 7:15am; Tue, Thu: 8:15pm; Sat: 5:30pm; Sun: 10:30am
3
El Templete (Little Temple)

3) El Templete (Little Temple)

El Templete was built in 1827 to commemorate the site of the first mass celebrated in Cuba on November 16th, 1519. Its architecture represents both the more traditional 19th century Cuban baroque and a more modern Neoclassical style. Pineapples adorn the pillars on the railings and add a tropical flair.

The first mass and town council was held under the shade of a ceiba tree. Every year, on November 16th, a procession is formed to commemorate the city's founding. 16th-century ceremonial maces, usually on display in Museo de la Ciudad (Museum of the City of Havana), lead the procession around Plaza de Armas to the ceiba tree. Havana residents line up all evening to walk around the ceiba tree three times. This ritual is supposed to grant the wish of the supplicant. The original tree had deteriorated over time and was replaced with a younger ceiba tree.

Inside El Templete, visitors will find three large oil paintings by Jean-Baptiste Vermay portraying the original town meeting, first mass, and the temple's inauguration. There's also a bust of Jean-Baptiste Vermay, along with an urn containing the artist's ashes.
4
Basílica Menor de San Francisco de Asís (Minor Basilica of Saint Francis of Assisi)

4) Basílica Menor de San Francisco de Asís (Minor Basilica of Saint Francis of Assisi)

The Basílica Menor of San Francisco de Asís (Minor Basilica of Saint Francis of Assisi) is a Franciscan convent in the district of Old Havana. Its construction began in 1548 and lasted until 1591, although it was inaugurated in 1575, it was damaged by storms in 1680 and 1692, and by a hurricane that broke down its tower in 1694. It began in its current form in 1716, and completed 200 years later with a series of structural reforms from 1731 to 1738.

The basilica was used by the English for their worship during the year in which they ruled Havana. It is now used for concerts. Attached to the Basilica is a bell tower (138-ft). Originally a statue of St. Francis of Assisi stood on the top of the bell tower but it was destroyed by a cyclone in 1846. Today a statue of Fray Junípero Serra with Juaneño Indian boy stands next to the basilica.

Basílica Menor de San Francisco de Asís pays homage to the Corinthian and Doric styles, and it has a few remnants of early Baroque architectural style as well. The facade is located in the Calle Oficios where three stone statues representing the Immaculate Conception, Francis of Assisi and Saint Dominic. It attained its current status of Minor Basilica in 1739. The adjacent Plaza de San Francisco de Asís was inaugurated in 1628. Along with the rest of Old Havana, it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1982.

The cloister of the adjacent monastery which dates back to 1739 now houses a museum of sacred art. In front of the Basilica on the sidewalk stands a bronze life-size statue by Jose Villa Soberon of José María López Lledín known as El Caballero de Paris (1899–1985) is buried inside the Basilica.
Sight description based on wikipedia
5
Iglesia de San Francisco de Paula (Saint Francis of Paula Church)

5) Iglesia de San Francisco de Paula (Saint Francis of Paula Church)

Towards the end of the 17th century, the first stone of what would be the hospital for women and the church of San Francisco de Paula was placed. The Presbyter of the Cathedral of Havana, don Nicolás Estévez Borges, in 1664 ordered the construction of a Hospital for Women and an adjoining church devoted to Saint Francis of Paola who was one of the founders of the Roman Catholic Order of the Minims. San Francisco de Paula (1416-1507) was a hermit, famous for his humility and his miracles. His party is celebrated on April 2.

Both buildings were completely destroyed by a hurricane in 1730 and were rebuilt and enlarged in 1745 in the Baroque style we see today, resulting in the Royal Hospital of Havana and the Church of San Francisco de Paula.

In 1907, the Havana Central Railroad, a U. S. company, attempted to acquire the temple for its own corporate use and eventually demolish it, but such efforts were frustrated by the opposition of local historians and anthropologists. Their efforts not only stopped the demolition of the church but also got it listed as National Monument in 1944. Havana Central Railroads, however, was able to bring down the hospital upon approval from the relevant authorities at the time.

An example of the pre-Churrigueresque Baroque style of the first half of the 18th century, the floor plan of the Iglesia de San Francisco de Paula is typologically similar to the Iglesia de San Francisco de Asís as both ground plans are based on a Latin cross. The façade has a central arched doorway and columns at the sides, typical of Spanish churches.

The portion of the church that still exists, the octagonal base of the dome, the façade, and the stained glass windows, all part of the original building of 1745, have all been restored.

As an altarpiece, the church has a stained-glass window. It also has the only organ that has been preserved in Cuba with its original pipe and machinery in its original location. Notably, the church contains the ashes of the Cuban violinist Claudio Brindis de Salas Garrido (1852-1911), considered one of the best violinists of his time.
6
Iglesia del Espíritu Santo (Church of the Holy Spirit)

6) Iglesia del Espíritu Santo (Church of the Holy Spirit)

Built in 1635 by a fraternity of Afro-Cuban ex-slaves, the Iglesia del Espíritu Santo is Havana's earliest Christian church, and also the only church in Havana to give political asylum. It is also well-known for its possession of some exceptional images on linen, plus a crypt with catacombs. The bell tower on the left side is among the tallest buildings in the old part of the city, though it is said that the main interest lies essentially in the simplicity of the coral stone construction and the lack of lavish decoration.

Inside there are original paintings by the Cuban painter José Nicolás de la Escalera ("Cuba's first painter") and Aristides Fernandez (20th Century), among them the large oil painting titled The Burial of Christ.

The church was rebuilt and expanded in 1648 and given the rank of a parish. During the colonial era it had exceptional importance, since by a Papal Bull of 1772 and a Royal Certificate of 1773, of Charles III of Spain, it was declared "Única Iglesia inmune en esta ciudad, construida en 1855." (”the only immune church in this city, built-in 1855."), which meant that any persecuted individual could find Amparo (sanctuary) in it against the action of the authorities or of justice. A metal plaque at the foot of the bell tower attests to this fact.

Other elements of great importance are the funerary crypts that were discovered in 1953. The crypt is from times before the Colon Cemetery (1876) in El Vedado was built. The crypt is entered from the left of the altar and contains several catacombs.

Many illustrious people of Havana were baptized in this church, among them the educator José de la Luz y Caballero. Bishop Gerónimo Valdés, a founder of La Casa de Beneficencia y Maternidad de La Habana, was buried in the Church; the master sepulcher of Bishop Valdés was found in 1936.

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