Bratislava Architectural Jewels, Bratislava

Bratislava Architectural Jewels (Self Guided), Bratislava

Bratislava, the capital of Slovakia, has always been influenced by European art, culture, food and architecture. Visitors to the city can admire its Gothic and Baroque architecture, along with the splendid 20th century buildings. This self-guided walk is your chance to explore Bratislava's great architectural variety!
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Bratislava Architectural Jewels Map

Guide Name: Bratislava Architectural Jewels
Guide Location: Slovakia » Bratislava (See other walking tours in Bratislava)
Guide Type: Self-guided Walking Tour (Sightseeing)
# of Attractions: 9
Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.5 Km or 2.2 Miles
Author: hollyg
Sight(s) Featured in This Guide:
  • Bratislava Castle
  • New Bridge and UFO Observation Deck
  • Old Town Hall
  • Primate's Palace
  • Michael's Tower and Street
  • Capuchin Church
  • Trinitarian Church of Bratislava
  • Grassalkovich Palace
  • Slovak Radio Building
1
Bratislava Castle

1) Bratislava Castle (must see)

The imposing Bratislava Castle is the most conspicuous landmark in the town of Bratislava. It stands on an isolated rocky hill above the town, and had been built and rebuilt continuously throughout the 9th-18th centuries.

The site of the castle has been of strategic importance for most of the area's history. It is located roughly in the center of Europe. Still, more importantly, it is along the route between the Carpathians and the Alps at a convenient crossing point of the river Danube.

The hill and surrounding area have hosted settlements since before the early Iron Age. Evidence suggests that the first settlements here started around 3,500 BC. In those early centuries, the hill was used as an acropolis for the surrounding town.

Archeological evidence shows a history of Celt and Roman occupation through 500 AD. The current structure was begun in the 10th century but worked lagged over the years. As the need for defense increased for the Kingdom of Hungary, the castle was added on to.

The Kingdom was abolished in 1781, and the castle was more or less dismantled and abandoned. The structures were used as a seminary and military barracks for some time during the 19th century. By the middle part of the 20th century, the castle was in ruins.

A massive restoration effort was begun in 1957 and completed in 1968. The 1968 Federation Law, which formed the Czech Socialist Republic and the Slovak Socialist Republic, was signed in the castle. Many years later, the constitution of now independent Slovakia was also signed in the castle's Knights Hall.

The castle is beautifully restored and houses exhibitions from the Slovak National Museum. Even if you choose not to visit the museum and interior rooms, walking around the castle grounds and enjoying the views of the city and the Danube is not to be missed.
2
New Bridge and UFO Observation Deck

2) New Bridge and UFO Observation Deck (must see)

One of the most iconic features of modern-day Bratislava is the Novy Most, or "New Bridge." This modern thoroughfare connects the two halves of the city separated by the river Danube. Since 2012, the official name of the bridge was changed to "Bridge of the Slovak National Uprising" to commemorate the Slovak National Uprising against Nazi during World War II, but locals prefer to call it "UFO Bridge" for its UFO-shaped observation desk at the top.

The Novy Most was built between 1967 and 1972. The total length of the bridge is 1,413 feet or 430 meters. It is an asymmetrical cable-stayed bridge made of steel. It is the world's longest bridge that has only one pylon with one cable-stayed plane. One of the best features of the bridge is that the lower levels are reserved for pedestrian and bicycle traffic only.

Of course, the most notable feature of the Novy Most is the UFO-shaped restaurant and observation deck. The building is mounted on top of the bridge's 278-foot-tall (84.6-meter) pylon.

While the restaurant serves some delicious Slovak and international cuisine, the real lure of the UFO is the view of the city and river from above.
3
Old Town Hall

3) Old Town Hall

The Old Town Hall of Bratislava is an excellent example of Gothic architecture. Originally constructed in the 14th century, with the tower dating back from approximately 1370, this is one of the oldest stone buildings in the Slovakian capital. It was originally designed to accommodate soldiers guarding the fortress surrounding the medieval town.

Presently, the Old Town Hall represents a complex of buildings created through merger of several adjacent townhouses, namely: Jacobus' house with a tower, Pawer's house, Unger's house, and the Apponyi palace. Over the ages, the property had undergone numerous reconstructions and served different purposes: as a prison, mint, market, municipal archive, and arsenal depository, until it finally became a town hall in the 15th century. In this capacity it had served until the late 19th century.

During the Renaissance period, the complex passed through various transformations, including those after being damaged by an earthquake and then fire.

Today, it houses the Bratislava City Museum, featuring a collection of historic artifacts: cannonballs; dungeons with instruments of torture; antique weaponry and armour; as well as paintings and miniatures. One of the cannonballs, the one embedded in the tower wall, is of a particular interest to visitors. It has been there since 1809, resulted from the bombardment of the city by the invading Napoleonic army.

In the summer, the courtyard plays host to musical concerts. In the attic of the Apponyi Palace there is a Study Depository of Glass and Ceramics. The beautifully-tiled roof of the building is one of the city's most recognizable landmarks. The top of the Old Town Hall tower is open to visitors, as part of the Bratislava City Museum exhibition, offering a round view of the old part of Bratislava and its environs.
4
Primate's Palace

4) Primate's Palace

Today this impressive baroque building is the home of the Mayor of Bratislava, but there is much more history to uncover here.

The Primate's Palace was built from 1777 to 1781 and was designed by Melchoir Hefele. At one time, the palace was home to the primary bishops.

The palace's greatest claim to fame was that it served as a backdrop for signing the fourth Peace of Pressburg in 1805. This document, signed in the building's famous Hall of Mirrors, dissolved the Holy Roman Empire. A bust of Emperor Francis II, the last Roman Emperor, stands near the hall to commemorate the event.

The city purchased the palace in 1903 and began an extensive reconstruction project. During the work, 17th-century tapestries were found behind walls.

For a brief time, the palace was home to the President of Slovakia before his permanent residence was built at Grassalkovich Palace.

The palace is open for tours. You can even see the famous Hall of Mirrors, now used for Bratislava City Council meetings.
5
Michael's Tower and Street

5) Michael's Tower and Street (must see)

The only surviving gate from the city's medieval walls lies at the end of Michael's Street. Michael's Gate (Michalska Brana) was built around 1300 and once stood with three others leading into town. It is one of the oldest buildings in town.

The tower's baroque exterior is a result of reconstruction works carried out in the 1750s. The statue of St. Michael and the Dragon was placed at the top during this time.

The gate got its name as the Church of St. Michael stood just outside the city walls here.

At one point, the city was surrounded by medieval fortifications. Entrance to town was only possible through the four gates, all of which were guarded and fortified. The other gates, now demolished, were the Laurens Gate, Fisherman's Gate on the river Danube, and Vydrica Gate.

At its height, the gate was part of a much larger system of fortifications. They included two rings of city walls, two bastions, a barbican, and a bridge over a moat. The barbican is still present and today has been built into houses. The original bridge over the moat was replaced by a stone one in 1727. Some of the moat is also still visible.

The view from the top of the seven-floor, 51-meter tall tower is spectacular. There is no better place from which to view the old town of Bratislava. To get in the tower, enter through the Museum of Arms. The museum contains excellent exhibits about the fortifications and the history of the city.

The street leading from the Michael's Gate, Michael's Street, is lined with shops and attractions. In addition to the Arms Museum, you'll also find the Pharmacy Museum nearby in a very old shop building. There are also bars, cafes, and restaurants lining the street.
6
Capuchin Church

6) Capuchin Church

The Capuchin Church that was built in 1717 belongs to the Capuchin order in Bratislava and is consecrated to Saint Stephen of Hungary. You can find the statue of St. Stephen above the main portal. The Church has a very simple but notable design. The square of the Capuchin Church is decorated with a column to the Virgin Mary.
7
Trinitarian Church of Bratislava

7) Trinitarian Church of Bratislava

The Trinitarian Church of Bratislava is also known as the Church of Saint John of Matha and Saint Felix of Valois. Located in the Old Town of Bratislava, the church is chockfull of fantastic Baroque features. The structure was erected on the original location of the first St. Michael’s Church in 1717, after almost 200 years following the destruction of the St. Michael’s settlement during the Ottoman wars.

Many of the components found in the design of the building were influenced by features of the St. Peter’s Church in Vienna, the sister city of Bratislava. With its awe-inspiring vaulting and unbelievable frescos, this is categorically a must-see for those who appreciate architecture. The altar was manufactured by A.G. Bussi. The main feature of the construction is the altarpiece showing St. John of Matha and St. Felix of Valois ransoming prisoners, while the statues of St. Agnes and St. Catherine flank the altar.

Over the years, the great hall of the church has played host to various prominent composers who held concerts for the public, including Johannes Brahms and Franz Liszt. The building has served as a secular and sacred facility with everything from church services to political events being facilitated within its walls.
8
Grassalkovich Palace

8) Grassalkovich Palace

The Grassalkovich Palace is the residence of the Slovakian president. This palace represents a mixture of Rococo and late Baroque styles and was built by architect Anton Mayerhofer in 1760 for the Hungarian nobleman, Count Antal Grassalkovich, the vassal of Habsburg Empress Maria Theresa. The palace was intended primarily as an entertainment venue and had hosted many balls and musical parties throughout its history thrown by the Habsburg royals; eventually it became a popular center of musical life in Pressburg and saw many celebrities of the day, including composer Joseph Haydn himself premiering here some of his works.

In September 1996, the palace underwent reconstruction and was turned into a presidential office. The adjacent garden, containing the statue of Bratislava-born composer Jan Nepomuk Hummel, has been made a public park.
Sight description based on Wikipedia.
9
Slovak Radio Building

9) Slovak Radio Building

Known for its odd upside down pyramid structure, the Slovak Radio Building is unique and a worthwhile part of a sightseeing tour of Bratislava, Slovakia. This upside down construction was erected during the socialist years of Slovakia, prior to the fracture of Czechoslovakia. The building was designed by renowned architects Š. Svetko, Š. Ďurkovič and B. Kissling. Located on Mýtna ulica (street), the Slovak National Broadcasting Studio has several theaters and recording studios which have been used by musicians and musical groups from around Slovakia.

It took 15 years to build and represents a combination of cement and steel framework. The first broadcast from the building was in 1984. The concert hall, which is quite spacious, holds one of the largest organs within the nation. Slovak Radio is adjacent to Freedom Square and is close to the very tall Slovak National Bank building. The section of the city where it stands is the more contemporary part of the city. The building is only open to the public when musical performances and concerts are happening. The rest of the time, the facility is used by the Radio network for broadcasting purposes.
Sight description based on Wikipedia.

Walking Tours in Bratislava, Slovakia

Create Your Own Walk in Bratislava

Create Your Own Walk in Bratislava

Creating your own self-guided walk in Bratislava is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
Historical Churches

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Travel Distance: 2.5 Km or 1.6 Miles
Bratislava Old Town

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The Old Town is indeed Bratislava's historic center, and as such, houses many historic monuments and...  view more

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The capital of Slovakia, Bratislava, is a lovely city straddling the river Danube near the convergence of the Austrian and Hungarian borders. Such closeness had its toll on the city's long and often tumultuous history, in which the Austrians, Croats, Czechs, Germans, Hungarians, Jews, Serbs and Slovaks played their role.

Formerly part of the Hungarian Kingdom, from 1536 to 1783 it was the...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
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