Chisinau History Walk, Chisinau (Self Guided)

The history of Chisinau goes back over 500 years and may reveal itself to the eyes of the beholder in the walls of the buildings, the stones of the monuments, and the once cobblestone but now asphalt-covered roads of the old city. Some of the narrow streets of Chisinau are rarely trotted by locals and thus have retained much of their original character. Most of the listed here attractions are not part of any other tourist guide, although they do have a long story to tell, having witnessed some of the most fascinating chapters of Chisinau's past.
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Chisinau History Walk Map

Guide Name: Chisinau History Walk
Guide Location: Moldova » Chisinau (See other walking tours in Chisinau)
Guide Type: Self-guided Walking Tour (Sightseeing)
# of Attractions: 8
Tour Duration: 2 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.9 km
Author: ann
1
Stephen the Great Monument

1) Stephen the Great Monument (must see)

The monument to Stephen the Great is located outside the main entrance to the park of the same name in downtown Chisinau. The bronze monument commemorates Stefan cel Mare ("the Great"), Moldova's ancient ruler who successfully defended the country in the 15th century from Turkish invasion. The statue was cast in Bucharest in the early 20th century and was intended to replace the monument of the Russian Emperor Alexander II, previously demolished in 1918 by Romanian authorities.

Sculptor Alexandru Plamadeala traveled far and wide in order to find a portrait of Stefan cel Mare prior to starting the work on the monument. It is said that the sculptor had made three different copies of the monument, one of which stands today. Over the years, the monument has been moved from place to place several times. A few days before the 1940 Soviet occupation of Bessarabia, it had traveled to Vaslui in the eastern part of Romania and then back to Chisinau in 1942. After that, in 1944, the monument again was sent to Romania. Eventually, after a long while, in 1989, it was restored in its original location in Chisinau. The inscriptions on the monument also have been restored. Nowadays situated in the center of the city, the monument is one of the top sights for tourists visiting the Moldovan capital.
2
Triumphal Arch

2) Triumphal Arch (must see)

Also known as the Holy Gate, the Triumphal Arch is an important structure in the center of Chisinau. It commemorates the victory of Russia over Turkey and was built in 1846 to a design by architect I. Zaushkevich. The Arch is a major tourist sight, overlooking the Government building on Stefan cel Mare Boulevard from across the Great National Assembly Square.

The Arch is a classic, square-shaped piece of architecture, featuring ornately decorated Corinthian columns and beautiful clock on the side, chiming every fifteen minutes. It stands 13 meters high and is distinctly divided into two tiers. The lower tier comprises four sturdy pylons, decorated with classic Corinthian columns, which give the structure its regal look. Aside from architecture, the Arch (Gate) is also noted for its fascinating history. After the Russians had defeated the Turkish army, Tsar Nikolai I, acting on the request of General M.S. Vorontsov, one of the most prominent war veterans, ordered the making of bells from captured Turkish canons. The bells were to be installed on the bell tower inside the Arch. However, upon their completion, it became obvious that the bells were too big for the tower and therefore a separate belfry had to be erected nearby to hold the bells.

Why You Should Visit:
Historical significance aside, it is quite refreshing to find a monument of this type in Moldova. You can't go in it or up it, but it gives a little relief to the city itself.
Quite successful in its miniature form and a must-see of the Moldavian Champs-Élysées as it marks the dead center of town.

Tip:
Take a walk to see it at dusk as it is beautifully lit in the evening. You can also spend some time in the very nice park.
3
Bell Tower

3) Bell Tower (must see)

Standing right behind the Holy Gates is a beautiful bell tower, an important religious and historic site in Chisinau city. It represents the exact replica of the original bell tower built in 1830 (the same year as the Metropolitan Cathedral was built), only to be demolished in the 1960s and then restored again in 1998. The bell tower comprises four levels with a small chapel on the ground level and several bells at the top.

Tip:
Notice the flowerbeds surrounding, but make sure to visit the many flower shops on the side.
4
Nativity Cathedral

4) Nativity Cathedral (must see)

The Nativity Cathedral is a magnificent example of Russian architecture in Chisinau. Built in the early 19th century, it was designed by architect Avraam Melnikov – one of that period's finest architects of the Russian Empire. Like most religious buildings in the city, it was repurposed to an exhibition center during the Soviet era. Only recently has it again found life as a place of worship, sporting beautifully painted walls in pure Orthodox style.

Construction was commissioned by Prince Mikhail Semyonovich Vorontsov, the governor of New Russia. Considering the importance of the project, great care was taken for the building to appear elegant, regal and timeless. Renowned for his many creations across the Russian Empire, Avraam Melnikov was hired to run the project. A fine piece of neoclassic construction, the cathedral boasts an eclectic style, featuring a combination of Byzantine architecture with a hint of Renaissance on a Greek Cross, a perfect brew for neoclassic design.

In the course of centuries, this remarkable building has sustained multiple damages caused by wars and political upheavals following the collapse of, first, the Russian Empire and, then, the Soviet Union. Today, the cathedral stands as the main temple of the Russian Orthodox Church in Chisinau and is a definite must-see for any visitor to the city.

Why You Should Visit:
Located in a nice square (good for meditating and/or people watching), this place looks very large and simple from the outside, but inside it is very small yet with bright tones; a great example of such type of cathedral.

Tip:
Go inside, you might be surprised by what you'll find and how you will feel.
You can also feed the pigeons and play a game of chess on the big chess table nearby.

Opening Hours:
Daily: 8am-4pm
Free admission
5
Pushkin House Museum

5) Pushkin House Museum (must see)

The great Russian poet Alexander Pushkin was exiled to Bessarabia (nowadays Moldova) for three years by the tsarist administration. He arrived in Chisinau on September 21, 1820, and stayed at the house of General Inzov, which today hosts the museum of Pushkin and is one of only two remaining Pushkin houses in the world; the other being is at Moika, St. Petersburg, Russia. Over the three years that Pushkin spent in Bessarabia, he had written a number poems, including the first part of the world-famous "Eugeny Onegin" and many others.

While in Chisinau, Pushkin maintained close ties with the local cultural elite: the writer Constantin Stamati, the Donici family, and other classics of the Romanian literature. The museum holds a collection of materials related to Pushkin's life in Bessarabia such as prints, paintings, sculptures, decorative art pieces from the late XVIII-XIX centuries, as well as editions of some of his works written here.

Opening Hours:
Tue-Sun: 10am-4pm
Tours are offered in Russian, Romanian, English.
Information about the exhibits is in Russian / Romanian.
6
Armenian Church

6) Armenian Church

According to some sources, the Armenian church in Chisinau was built on the ruins of an ancient Moldovan temple which burned down along with the rest of the city in 1739. The new, Armenian church was built in its place in 1804.

The architectural plan, featuring the nave with semicircular apse and the bell tower bunk extension to the west, reveals XVIII century construction style. The church's main body represents an elongated box rounded to the east and the high bell tower over the west porch, culminating with a tent ceiling. Typically Armenian are the south aisle arches with decorative columns and clean masonry walls. In 1817 two porticoes were added to the church's porch – a three-arched one to the south and a single-arched to the east and west. Their style differs substantially from the rest of the building. Particularly prominent are the portico arches, designed as lancet arches, with peculiar Arab columns and capitals.

The walls, floors and buttresses of the church are made of brick and stone, and are plastered. The foundation is made of quarry-stone. The portico walls – light and dark gray in color – are of pure cut stone. On the outside the church appears solid and monumental. Complementing the main building are the nearby utility structures, together forming a beautiful architectural ensemble.
7
Mazarachi Church

7) Mazarachi Church

Although Chisinau may be a fairly new addition to the list of tourist destinations in Europe, it surely deserves a mention owing to its rustic appeal, specific architecture and lush greenery. The latter has earned Chisinau the title of one of the greenest cities in Europe. The word “Chisinau” translates from Romanian as a “new spring” where chișla means "spring" ("a source of water") and nouă means “new". It thus can be deduced that the city evolved from a settlement formed around a spring. At the foot of the hill, that houses the Mazarachi Church, lies a stone which marks the location of the spring for which the city has been named.

This church is one of the oldest structures in Chisinau. A historic monument of national importance, it was built by Vasile Măzărache in 1752. The building features a typical medieval Moldovan style, standing somewhat humbly over the spring that has given birth to the city. Dedicated to the Mother of God, Virgin Mary, the Mazarachi Church is one of the best examples of Russian Orthodox architecture in Chisinau. For tourists, this can be a good starting point for a historical tour of the city.
8
Chisinau Spring Monument

8) Chisinau Spring Monument

The stone block marking the location of the water spring that gave name to the city of Chisinau is set at the foot of the hill upon which stands the Mazarache Church. The name of the spring - "chisla noua" - is believed to be the archaic Romanian for "new spring".

Walking Tours in Chisinau, Moldova

Create Your Own Walk in Chisinau

Create Your Own Walk in Chisinau

Creating your own self-guided walk in Chisinau is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
Best Wine and Brandy Shops

Best Wine and Brandy Shops

It would be an true pity to visit Chisinau without having explored its specialized wine and brandy shops, and picking up at least one bottle. Moldova is a renowned producer of wine and spirits, it offers true quality products based on centuries-old traditions, and at bargain prices too. This tour will take you to some of the best shops in town selling wines and liquors, all within a walk of the...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 4.0 km
Stefan cel Mare Blvd Shops

Stefan cel Mare Blvd Shops

It would be a pity to leave Chisinau without having explored its specialty shops and bringing home something truly original. We've compiled a list of stores along Stefan cel Mare Blvd which offer unique gifts and souvenirs that a visitor might like to purchase to reflect their visit.

Tour Duration: 1 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.8 km
Bernardazzi Architecture Walking Tour

Bernardazzi Architecture Walking Tour

Alexander Bernardazzi, the Russian architect of Swiss descent, was the chief architect of Chisinau from 1856 until 1878. His work marked the dawn of a new architectural era in the city. Although during his life Bernardazzi created more than 30 buildings, very few of them have survived until our days. This tour offers a unique opportunity to see some of the beautiful creations of Alexander...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.8 km
City Orientation Walk

City Orientation Walk

Chisinau is the capital of Moldova, the country sandwiched between Ukraine and Romania in Eastern Europe, which had for many years been part of the Russian Empire and then the Soviet Union until it finally got independence in 1991. Moldovan culture and language are deeply rooted in the Roman tradition. Just like the eternal city of Rome itself, Chisinau rests on 7 hills in the valley of the River...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.0 km
Cultural Walking Tour of Chisinau

Cultural Walking Tour of Chisinau

Perhaps one of the things adults and kids equally enjoy is going to museums. Those interested to learn about Moldova's past and appreciate the creativity of the Moldovan people should definitely explore Chisinau's museums and galleries. It also may be a good idea to mingle with the people of art at some of their hangout places.

Tour Duration: 2 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.3 km
Stefan cel Mare Blvd Walk

Stefan cel Mare Blvd Walk

Known as the "Green Capital", Chisinau traces its history to 1436, it represents the cultural, economic and political center of Moldova. Stefan cel Mare Blvd is one of the oldest and most prominent streets in the city, here you will find a lot of beautiful churches, fine architectural pieces, important historic sights, as well as tranquil and picturesque parks. Be sure to visit some, if...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.2 km

Useful Travel Guides for Planning Your Trip


Chisinau Shopping Guide: 20 Moldovan Products to Take Home

Chisinau Shopping Guide: 20 Moldovan Products to Take Home

Once part of the Soviet Union, now independent Moldova is a small country sandwiched between Romania and Ukraine, of which still very little is known. To mend this, the country has recently opened borders to the outside world. Be sure to take advantage of this opportunity and acquaint yourself with...

Tips for Exploring City on Foot at Your Own Pace

Whether you are in Chisinau for a quick stopover or have a few days to see the city in more detail, exploring it on foot, at your own pace, is definitely the way to go. Here are some tips for you to save money, see the best Chisinau has to offer, take good care of your feet while walking, and keep your mobile device – your ultimate "work horse" on this trip - well fed and safe.

Taking Care of Your Feet


To ensure ultimate satisfaction from a day of walking around the city as big as Chisinau, it is imperative to take good care of your feet so as to avoid unpleasant things like blisters, cold or overheated soles, itchy, irritated or otherwise damaged (cracked) skin, etc. Luckily, these days there is no shortage of remedies to address (and, ideally, to prevent) these and other potential problems with feet. Among them: Compression Socks, Rechargeable Battery-Powered Thermo Socks for Cold Weather, Foot Repair Cream, Deodorant Powder, Shoes UV Sterilizer, and many more that you may wish to find a place in your travel kit for.

Travel Gadgets for Your Mobile Device


Your mobile phone or tablet will be your work horse on a self-guided walk. They offer tour map, guide you from one attraction to another, and provide informative background for the sights you wish to visit. Therefore it is absolutely essential to plan against unexpected power outages in the wrong place at the wrong time, much as to ensure the safety of your device.

For these and other contingencies, here's the list of useful appliances: Portable Charger/External Battery Pack, Worldwide Travel Charger Adapter, Power Converter for International Travel Adapter, and Mobile Device Leash.