Trier Introduction Walking Tour (Self Guided), Trier

Set in the southwest of Germany amid the Moselle wine region, the city of Trier has been in place since the Roman times, attesting to which are a number of well-kept Roman structures, including the Black Gate (Porta Nigra), the ruins of Roman baths, and Römerbrücke - a stone bridge over the Moselle River. Among Trier’s other notable sights is undoubtedly St. Peter's Cathedral (aka Trier Dom). Follow this orientation walk and explore these and other distinguished attractions of Trier.
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Trier Introduction Walking Tour Map

Guide Name: Trier Introduction Walking Tour
Guide Location: Germany » Trier (See other walking tours in Trier)
Guide Type: Self-guided Walking Tour (Sightseeing)
# of Attractions: 15
Tour Duration: 3 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 5.4 Km or 3.4 Miles
Author: alice
Sight(s) Featured in This Guide:
  • Hauptmarkt
  • St. Gangolf Church
  • St. Peter's Cathedral (Trier Dom)
  • Church of Our Lady (Liebfrauenkirche)
  • Aula Palatina
  • Rokoko-Palais der Kurfursten
  • Imperial Roman Baths (Kaiserthermen)
  • Viehmarkt Roman Baths
  • Karl Marx House
  • Römerbrücke
  • The Old Crane (Alter Krahnen)
  • St. Paulus Church
  • Frankenturm
  • Black Gate (Porta Nigra)
  • Semionstrasse

1) Hauptmarkt (must see)

Hauptmarkt (Main Market) has a history that begins in Medieval times. It was a place of trade since the 10th century. The oldest pharmacy of the city still remains. All the shopping streets of Trier start at Hauptmarkt. The place is very beautiful and crowded. In Decembers there are the Trier Christmas Markets. On the market stands a cross on a Roman column – a replica of the original one.
St. Gangolf Church

2) St. Gangolf Church (must see)

St. Gangolf Church was built in the Main Market of the city. The first church on the sight was built before 1000 A. C. Later, at the beginning of the 15th century the current structure of the church was built. Over the years, the church was renovated and some new elements were added. Overall it is a Gothic structure. The tower of St. Gangolf Church is considered to be the tallest structure in Trier. The interior of the church is very beautiful, with mosaic, glass windows; the church is also very famous for its bells.
St. Peter's Cathedral (Trier Dom)

3) St. Peter's Cathedral (Trier Dom) (must see)

The Cathedral of Saint Peter is the oldest cathedral in the country. The edifice is notable for its extremely long life span under multiple different eras each contributing some elements to its design, including the center of the main chapel being made of Roman brick laid under the direction of Saint Helen, resulting in a cathedral added on to gradually rather than rebuilt in different eras. Its dimensions, 112.5 by 41 m, make it the largest church structure in Trier. Since 1986 it has been on the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.

The West front in five symmetrical sections remains typical of Romanesque architecture under the Salian emperors. The West end choir, with its apsidal semi-cylinder expressed on the exterior façade, was completed in 1196. The interior is of three Romanesque naves with Gothic vaulting, and a Baroque chapel for the relic of the Seamless robe of Jesus, recovered from the interior of the high altar in 1512, complete the interior.

The Latin inscription above the clock on the tower reads "NESCITIS QVA HORA DOMINVS VENIET" ("You do not know what time the Lord is coming").
Sight description based on wikipedia
Church of Our Lady (Liebfrauenkirche)

4) Church of Our Lady (Liebfrauenkirche) (must see)

Church of Our Lady (Liebfrauenkirche) is a very beautiful church. It was built in 1260 in Gothic style and it is believed to be the oldest church of this style built in Germany. The church is in the form of a Greek cross with a tower in the middle. The interior of the Church of Our Lady is fascinating. It has twelve columns symbolizing the twelve Apostles, sculptures, mural paintings, big windows and others. There are also several tombs of notorious people. It is located right next to St. Peter's Cathedral.
Aula Palatina

5) Aula Palatina (must see)

The Basilica of Constantine, or Aula Palatina is a Roman palace basilica that was built by the emperor Constantine (306–337 AD) at the beginning of the 4th century.

Today it is owned and used as church by a congregation within the Evangelical Church in the Rhineland. The basilica contains the largest extant hall from antiquity ranked a World Heritage Site. The room has a length of 67 m, a width of 26.05 m and a height of 33 m.

The Aula Palatina was built around 310 AD as a part of the palace complex. Originally it was not a free standing building, but had other smaller buildings (such as a forehall, an entrance vestibule and some service buildings) attached to it. The Aula Palatina was equipped with a floor and wall heating system (hypocaust).

In 1944, the building burned due to an air raid of the allied forces during World War II. When it was repaired after the war, the historical inner decorations from the 19th century were not reconstructed, so that the brick walls are visible from the inside as well.
Sight description based on wikipedia
Rokoko-Palais der Kurfursten

6) Rokoko-Palais der Kurfursten (must see)

Rokoko-Palais der Kurfursten or the Electoral Palace is an outstanding building. It was built in 17th century on the base of the Basilica of Constantine. The structure has a Renaissance and Rococo architectural style. It was the residence of the Trier Electors or Archbishops. Later the structure was used as barracks during Napoleon times and later. At present, the building is used by some agencies. In front of the Palace there is a beautiful garden dating from the 20th century and it is open to the public. The garden has a number of some very beautiful sculptures.
Imperial Roman Baths (Kaiserthermen)

7) Imperial Roman Baths (Kaiserthermen) (must see)

Imperial Roman Baths (Kaiserthermen) are just ruins now. Still, the ruins show how big and impressive the complex was. The Trier Imperial Roman Baths were once one of the biggest in the world. The Baths from Trier were built upon the orders of Constantine I. The Baths consisted of hot and cold water; there were also sports grounds. They had subterranean passageways. Today the baths are open for visitors to explore.
Viehmarkt Roman Baths

8) Viehmarkt Roman Baths

Viehmarkt Roman Baths is a very interesting sight. It shows a part of the Roman baths complex and the remains of other Medieval structures, including a Capuchin monastery. Viehmarktplatz, where the baths were located, also used to be a cattle market. On the sight, excavations were done and now it is open for visitation. The sight shows a part of the history and development of Trier city. After some serious archaeological excavations, the site was enclosed in a glass cube, so as to better preserve it.
Karl Marx House

9) Karl Marx House (must see)

The Karl Marx House museum is the house in which Karl Marx was born in 1818, it is now a museum. The significance of the house went unnoticed until 1904, at which point the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) worked hard to buy it, succeeding in 1928. After the Nazi party came to power in 1933 the building was confiscated and turned into a printing house.

On May 5, 1947 the building was opened as a museum of the life and works of Karl Marx. In 1968 it was integrated into the Friedrich Ebert Foundation, a charity foundation closely aligned with the SPD. On March 14, 1983, on the 100th anniversary of Marx's death, the museum was re-opened after a year-long renovation that expanded it to three floors.

In 2005, the Karl Marx House museum was again closed for three months. The re-inagauration, on June 9, was attended by such celebrities as Anke Fuchs, Franz Müntefering, Kurt Beck, and Helmut Schröer. The exhibition now also includes the history of communism in the Soviet Union, China, Central and Eastern Europe. The Karl Marx House museum currently receives about 32,000 visitors a year.

Operating hours:

April – October: Monday: 2 pm – 6 pm; Tuesday – Sunday: 10 am – 6 pm;

November – March: Monday: 2 pm – 5 pm; Tuesday – Sunday: 10 am – 1 pm, 2 pm – 5 pm
Sight description based on wikipedia

10) Römerbrücke (must see)

Römerbrücke or the Roman Bridge was built in 152 A.D. and it is the oldest bridge in the country. It is still functioning. The majority of the pillars are from the ancient times. Only the arches and the roadway are from the 18th century. Over the centuries, it survived many wars, including WWII. It is an amazing architectural monument and it is a UNESCO World Roman monument.
The Old Crane (Alter Krahnen)

11) The Old Crane (Alter Krahnen) (must see)

The Old Crane or the Alte Krahnen is the oldest standing crane in Trier. It is located on the riverfront of the Moselle River. It was built in 1413 and was used to lift and transport cargo to and from boats. It has two tread-wheels, a double-arm and a rotating conic roof. During the Middle ages it was used a lot and now it stands as a monument of the economic and industrial growth in Germany.
St. Paulus Church

12) St. Paulus Church (must see)

St. Paulus Church was built in the 13th century. During World War II, it was destroyed and later renovated. The church is built in a mix of Romanesque and Gothic styles. The church is also famous for housing a 16th century, old astronomical clock. It has some very interesting drawings on it and it plays a song every day at noon.

13) Frankenturm (must see)

Frankenturm (or Franken Tower) is an old defense tower that was built in the 11th century. It was used to shield the Trier inhabitants during attacks. Over the years, the Frankenturm was renovated several times and was once the residence of an archbishop. The last renovation occurred in 2006. Now it is open as a cultural building. It was believed that Trier had several towers of this nature, but only two of them are left standing, including the Frankenturm.
Black Gate (Porta Nigra)

14) Black Gate (Porta Nigra) (must see)

The Porta Nigra (Latin for black gate) is a large Roman city gate in Trier. It is today the largest Roman city gate north of the Alps and has been designated a World Heritage Site.

The name Porta Nigra originated in the Middle Ages due to the darkened color of its stone, the original Roman name has not been preserved. Locals commonly refer to the Porta Nigra simply as Porta.

The modern appearance of the Porta Nigra goes back almost unchanged to the reconstruction ordered by Napoleon. At the south side of the Porta Nigra, remains of Roman columns line the last 100 m of the street leading to the gate. Positioned where they had stood in Roman times, they give a slight impression of the aspect of the original Roman street that was lined with colonnades.

The gate is today closed for cars, but stands right next to one of the main streets of Trier.

The Porta Nigra, including the upper floors, is open to visitors. In summer, guided tours are also offered by an actor dressed up as and portraying a centurion (a Roman army officer) in full armour.
Sight description based on wikipedia

15) Semionstrasse

Semionstrasse (Semion Street) is a pedestrian shopping street that is also very popular. The shopping area starts near the Porta Nigra (Black Gate) and ends at the Hauptmarkt (Main Market). The street is beautiful and full of all kinds of shopping opportunities, restaurants and cafes. This is a great place for a good shopping day.

Walking Tours in Trier, Germany

Create Your Own Walk in Trier

Create Your Own Walk in Trier

Creating your own self-guided walk in Trier is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
Historical Landmarks of Trier

Historical Landmarks of Trier

Trier is a beautiful city located on the banks of the Moselle River. It is a city with a lot of ancient and modern landmarks and beautiful structures that display not only the development of Trier, but also the development of Europe. Take this walk and follow the history of the city of Trier from ancient times to the present through its most interesting landmarks.

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 5.2 Km or 3.2 Miles
Top Religious Sites

Top Religious Sites

Trier has a long history of Christianity. It is the birth place of Saint Ambrose and the resting place of Saint Paulinus. The Trier Bishops were some of the most powerful men during the Middle ages. This city has a number of fascinating religious structures. Take the walking tour to see some of the most amazing religious buildings not only in Trier, but in Germany as well.

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.6 Km or 1.6 Miles
Trier Museums Walk

Trier Museums Walk

Trier is the oldest city in Germany. Before the Christian Era, it was the capital city of the local Roman province. An old history, rich in events, gave way to the creation of a number of extremely interesting museums. Take this walk in order to see some of them.

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.8 Km or 1.7 Miles
Trier Shopping Walk

Trier Shopping Walk

Trier is a great place for a great shopping adventure. The city offers a variety of shopping options, either for yourself or as a gift. Among the hottest spots beloved by art hunters are Semionstrasse, Neustrassse and Hauptmarkt. Take this walk through the most popular shopping venues of Trier and enjoy the experience.

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.7 Km or 1.1 Miles
Trier's Architectural Jewels Tour

Trier's Architectural Jewels Tour

Trier is a settlement that has a history dating back to ancient times. It is very famous for being the capital of a Roman province during the Roman Empire. The long history of the city made Trier one of the most beautiful cities in Germany from an architectural point of view. Trier has numerous beautiful architectural buildings that feature various architectural styles and eras. Take the guided...  view more

Tour Duration: 3 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 6.3 Km or 3.9 Miles