Trier Introduction Walking Tour (Self Guided), Trier

Set in the southwest of Germany amid the Moselle wine region, the city of Trier has been in place since the Roman times, attesting to which are a number of well-kept Roman structures, including the Black Gate (Porta Nigra), the ruins of Roman baths, and Römerbrücke - a stone bridge over the Moselle River. Among Trier’s other notable sights is undoubtedly St. Peter's Cathedral (aka Trier Dom). Follow this orientation walk and explore these and other distinguished attractions of Trier.
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Trier Introduction Walking Tour Map

Guide Name: Trier Introduction Walking Tour
Guide Location: Germany » Trier (See other walking tours in Trier)
Guide Type: Self-guided Walking Tour (Sightseeing)
# of Attractions: 14
Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.4 Km or 2.1 Miles
Author: alice
Sight(s) Featured in This Guide:
  • Hauptmarkt (Main Market Square)
  • Trier Dom (St. Peter's Cathedral )
  • Liebfrauenkirche (Church of Our Lady)
  • Aula Palatina (Basilica of Constantine)
  • Kurfürstliches Palais (Electoral Palace)
  • Rheinisches Landesmuseum (Rhineland Museum)
  • Kaiserthermen (Imperial Roman Baths)
  • Neustrasse (New Street)
  • Karl Marx Birthouse Museum
  • Kornmarkt (Grain Market) and St. George's Fountain
  • Steipe und Rotes Houses
  • Dreikönigenhaus (Epiphany House)
  • Semionstrasse (Semion Street)
  • Porta Nigra (Black Gate)
Hauptmarkt (Main Market Square)

1) Hauptmarkt (Main Market Square) (must see)

Hauptmarkt (Main Market) has a history that begins in Medieval times. It was a place of trade since the 10th century. The oldest pharmacy of the city still remains. All the shopping streets of Trier start at Hauptmarkt. The place is very beautiful and crowded. In Decembers there are the Trier Christmas Markets. On the market stands a cross on a Roman column – a replica of the original one.
Trier Dom (St. Peter's Cathedral )

2) Trier Dom (St. Peter's Cathedral ) (must see)

The Cathedral of Saint Peter is the oldest cathedral in the country. The edifice is notable for its extremely long life span under multiple different eras each contributing some elements to its design, including the center of the main chapel being made of Roman brick laid under the direction of Saint Helen, resulting in a cathedral added on to gradually rather than rebuilt in different eras. Its dimensions, 112.5 by 41 m, make it the largest church structure in Trier. Since 1986 it has been on the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.

The West front in five symmetrical sections remains typical of Romanesque architecture under the Salian emperors. The West end choir, with its apsidal semi-cylinder expressed on the exterior façade, was completed in 1196. The interior is of three Romanesque naves with Gothic vaulting, and a Baroque chapel for the relic of the Seamless robe of Jesus, recovered from the interior of the high altar in 1512, complete the interior.

The Latin inscription above the clock on the tower reads "NESCITIS QVA HORA DOMINVS VENIET" ("You do not know what time the Lord is coming").
Sight description based on wikipedia
Liebfrauenkirche (Church of Our Lady)

3) Liebfrauenkirche (Church of Our Lady) (must see)

Church of Our Lady (Liebfrauenkirche) is a very beautiful church. It was built in 1260 in Gothic style and it is believed to be the oldest church of this style built in Germany. The church is in the form of a Greek cross with a tower in the middle. The interior of the Church of Our Lady is fascinating. It has twelve columns symbolizing the twelve Apostles, sculptures, mural paintings, big windows and others. There are also several tombs of notorious people. It is located right next to St. Peter's Cathedral.
Aula Palatina (Basilica of Constantine)

4) Aula Palatina (Basilica of Constantine) (must see)

The Basilica of Constantine, or Aula Palatina is a Roman palace basilica that was built by the emperor Constantine (306–337 AD) at the beginning of the 4th century.

Today it is owned and used as church by a congregation within the Evangelical Church in the Rhineland. The basilica contains the largest extant hall from antiquity ranked a World Heritage Site. The room has a length of 67 m, a width of 26.05 m and a height of 33 m.

The Aula Palatina was built around 310 AD as a part of the palace complex. Originally it was not a free standing building, but had other smaller buildings (such as a forehall, an entrance vestibule and some service buildings) attached to it. The Aula Palatina was equipped with a floor and wall heating system (hypocaust).

In 1944, the building burned due to an air raid of the allied forces during World War II. When it was repaired after the war, the historical inner decorations from the 19th century were not reconstructed, so that the brick walls are visible from the inside as well.
Sight description based on wikipedia
Kurfürstliches Palais (Electoral Palace)

5) Kurfürstliches Palais (Electoral Palace)

Kurfürstliches Palais or the Electoral Palace is an outstanding building. It was built in 17th century on the base of the Basilica of Constantine. The structure has a Renaissance and Rococo architectural style. It was the residence of the Trier Electors or Archbishops. Later the structure was used as barracks during Napoleon times and later. At present, the building is used by some agencies. In front of the Palace there is a beautiful garden dating from the 20th century and it is open to the public. The garden has a number of some very beautiful sculptures.
Rheinisches Landesmuseum (Rhineland Museum)

6) Rheinisches Landesmuseum (Rhineland Museum) (must see)

Rhineland Museum (Rheinisches Landesmuseum) is one of the most interesting museums of Trier. It is a history and archaeology museum and is one of the most popular in the country. It was established in 1877 and it shows the development of the history and culture of the city. The artifacts and art works date back to the Roman period and end with modern times. The exhibitions are grouped in four sections. The memorabilia is very interesting and the largest part tells about the Roman period.
Kaiserthermen (Imperial Roman Baths)

7) Kaiserthermen (Imperial Roman Baths) (must see)

Imperial Roman Baths (Kaiserthermen) are just ruins now. Still, the ruins show how big and impressive the complex was. The Trier Imperial Roman Baths were once one of the biggest in the world. The Baths from Trier were built upon the orders of Constantine I. The Baths consisted of hot and cold water; there were also sports grounds. They had subterranean passageways. Today the baths are open for visitors to explore.
Neustrasse (New Street)

8) Neustrasse (New Street)

It is one of the most amazing and interesting shopping streets in Trier. Here you will find a large number of all kinds of boutiques that merchandise antiquities, jewelry, hand crafts and all kinds of gift shops. It also has a large number of restaurants, cafes and other places to rest and enjoy a pleasant day.
Karl Marx Birthouse Museum

9) Karl Marx Birthouse Museum

The Karl Marx House museum is the house in which Karl Marx was born in 1818, it is now a museum. The significance of the house went unnoticed until 1904, at which point the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) worked hard to buy it, succeeding in 1928. After the Nazi party came to power in 1933 the building was confiscated and turned into a printing house.

On May 5, 1947 the building was opened as a museum of the life and works of Karl Marx. In 1968 it was integrated into the Friedrich Ebert Foundation, a charity foundation closely aligned with the SPD. On March 14, 1983, on the 100th anniversary of Marx's death, the museum was re-opened after a year-long renovation that expanded it to three floors.

In 2005, the Karl Marx House museum was again closed for three months. The re-inagauration, on June 9, was attended by such celebrities as Anke Fuchs, Franz Müntefering, Kurt Beck, and Helmut Schröer. The exhibition now also includes the history of communism in the Soviet Union, China, Central and Eastern Europe. The Karl Marx House museum currently receives about 32,000 visitors a year.

Operating hours:

April – October: Monday: 2 pm – 6 pm; Tuesday – Sunday: 10 am – 6 pm;

November – March: Monday: 2 pm – 5 pm; Tuesday – Sunday: 10 am – 1 pm, 2 pm – 5 pm
Sight description based on wikipedia
Kornmarkt (Grain Market) and St. George's Fountain

10) Kornmarkt (Grain Market) and St. George's Fountain

The Kornmarkt is a central square measuring about 40 × 80 m in downtown Trier . It is bordered by several restaurants and cafés, a bookshop and the Posthof , which as the former seat of the Trier Oberpostdirektion is now used by offices and shops.

The Kornmarkt is around 200 meters away from the main market and was laid out “for use and decoration” on the basis of a decision by the city council on September 20, 1746. At the time, the town hall was on the northern corner of Fleischstraße and, like the Steipe on the main market, had an open ground floor. This was used as a department store and the courtyard behind it as a storage area.

On the west side of the square is the Sankt Georgsbrunnen (St. George's Fountain) - one of the most beautiful fountains in the country. It was built in 1750-1751, by the famous architect John Seiz, the same architect that built the Electoral Palace. The fountain was built in the beautiful Rococo style. It represents the four seasons and on top it is the statue of St. George. Originally the fountain was placed in the middle of the square.

When Trier was annexed to Prussia after the turmoil of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars , the square received its closed appearance. On the south side of the square, the neoclassical casino was built by master builder Johann Georg Wolff . In the local casino society, the liberal bourgeoisie, including the lawyer Heinrich Marx , father of Karl Marx , set the tone. The casino also fell victim to Allied air raids, but was rebuilt by the late 1950s.

After the Kornmarkt was redesigned and the fountain restored in 2003, the area is now used intensively for gastronomy. The square was paved with 15,000 granite slabs, each weighing 100 kilograms. Public protests prevented the felling of a large cedar that dominates the square. Before the transformation, the area served as a parking lot.

In March 2004, the academic bookstore "Interbook" (since April 2008 "Interbook Mayersche", which had been located on Fleischstrasse, opened in a fully glazed new building adjoining the west wall of the casino .

The market is one of the central points at the annual Trier Old Town Festival, one of the largest folk festivals in the Trier region, as well as at Christopher Street Day .
Sight description based on wikipedia
Steipe und Rotes Houses

11) Steipe und Rotes Houses

The Steipe und Rotes Houses are very popular and important building for Trier and they are located on the Main Market of the city. The Steipe house was built in 1430 and since was the City Hall. During the II World War the building was destroyed, but renovated in 1970. The Rotes house was built later by Wolfgang Struppeler. The structures have a very beautiful and special architecture, and they are decorated with amazing bás-relieves and sculptures made by some famous local artists. The buildings house the Toy Museum.
Dreikönigenhaus (Epiphany House)

12) Dreikönigenhaus (Epiphany House)

Dreikönigenhaus (or Epiphany House) is a very beautiful structure built in an early Gothic style. The name of the building comes from the fact that earlier in this house there was a painting of the Epiphany. It was built in 13th century and later was restored several times.
Semionstrasse (Semion Street)

13) Semionstrasse (Semion Street)

Semionstrasse (Semion Street) is a pedestrian shopping street. The shopping area starts near the Porta Nigra (Black Gate) and ends at the Hauptmarkt (Main Market). The street is beautiful and full of all kinds of shopping opportunities, restaurants and cafes. This is a great place for a good shopping day.
Porta Nigra (Black Gate)

14) Porta Nigra (Black Gate) (must see)

The Porta Nigra (Latin for black gate) is a large Roman city gate in Trier. It is today the largest Roman city gate north of the Alps and has been designated a World Heritage Site.

The name Porta Nigra originated in the Middle Ages due to the darkened color of its stone, the original Roman name has not been preserved. Locals commonly refer to the Porta Nigra simply as Porta.

The modern appearance of the Porta Nigra goes back almost unchanged to the reconstruction ordered by Napoleon. At the south side of the Porta Nigra, remains of Roman columns line the last 100 m of the street leading to the gate. Positioned where they had stood in Roman times, they give a slight impression of the aspect of the original Roman street that was lined with colonnades.

The gate is today closed for cars, but stands right next to one of the main streets of Trier.

The Porta Nigra, including the upper floors, is open to visitors. In summer, guided tours are also offered by an actor dressed up as and portraying a centurion (a Roman army officer) in full armour.
Sight description based on wikipedia

Walking Tours in Trier, Germany

Create Your Own Walk in Trier

Create Your Own Walk in Trier

Creating your own self-guided walk in Trier is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
In The Footsteps of Karl Marx

In The Footsteps of Karl Marx

Karl Marx spent 17 years in Trier – for the man who was later driven from city to city, this first stint of his life would be his second longest in any one place. And though he spent twice as long in London, his hometown of Trier was perhaps the city that most shaped his story. ***PH***

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.8 Km or 1.1 Miles
Trier's Roman Ruins Walking Tour

Trier's Roman Ruins Walking Tour

It’s perhaps surprising to hear that there are significant Roman ruins in Germany: in Trier, which is in the eastern part of the country right near the border with Luxembourg. The Trier Roman ruins are particularly surprising just because of how many there are, and how well-preserved some of them are, especially one called the Porta Nigra. The Roman ruins, along with the Cathedral of St. Peter...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 4.9 Km or 3 Miles