Colonial Buildings in Central Hong Kong (Self Guided), Hong Kong

Having been a British colony for over a century, Hong Kong has kept many of its colonial buildings until today. The majority of these old buildings are in the Central district of Hong Kong; some of them have been declared national heritage objects. Check out the list below.
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Colonial Buildings in Central Hong Kong Map

Guide Name: Colonial Buildings in Central Hong Kong
Guide Location: Hong Kong » Hong Kong (See other walking tours in Hong Kong)
Guide Type: Self-guided Walking Tour (Sightseeing)
# of Attractions: 7
Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.7 Km or 1.1 Miles
Author: emma
Sight(s) Featured in This Guide:
  • Central Police Station
  • Central Magistracy
  • Old Dairy Farm Depot
  • Government House
  • St. John's Cathedral
  • Court of Final Appeal
  • Legislative Council Building
Central Police Station

1) Central Police Station

The Central police station is located in the Central district of Hong Kong, at the eastern end of Hollywood Road. This site actually dates back to the middle of the Nineteenth Century when the British first came to Hong Kong.

The British built some of the first colonial structures at the site of the Central police station and these are, The Central police station building, The Victoria Prison compound, and The Central Magistracy.

Due to the ever changing social, political and operational changes that have occurred in Hong Kong over the last century and a half, these structures have been repeatedly modified and altered.

A 3 storey barrack block, constructed right next to the Victoria Prison in 1864, is the oldest structure within the police station. In 1905, another storey was added, plus several more between 1910 and 1925. During this period, many people moved from mainland China to Hong Kong, and many police stations had to be built in order to maintain law and order in the increasing population.

The Central Police Station comprises seven blocks, with the main building featuring a classical style with Doric style columns. The building follows a grey and blue color scheme.
Central Magistracy

2) Central Magistracy

The Central Magistracy is located in the Central district of, Hong Kong Island on Arbuthnot Road. It was commissioned in 1913 and its construction was completed in 1914. The Central Magistracy stands on the original site of the first Hong Kong Magistracy built by the British. This building was one of the first erected by the British upon their arrival in Hong Kong. The former structure dated back to the mid nineteenth century, circa 1847, and was demolished in order to make way for the new building and additional blocks.

The present Magistracy building features the Greek-revival style, with imposing pillars of the facade, and has an overall majestic appearance. The walls of the building are made of granite blocks. A basement has also been added in the new design, and this provision caused much delay in the construction work.

The Central Magistracy along with the Victoria Prison and the Central Police Station are among the ninety two declared monuments of Hong Kong. Together, these three buildings are categorized as the Central Police Station Compound. In 1978 the Central Magistracy was closed, and has been used by the police force for different purposes ever since.
Old Dairy Farm Depot

3) Old Dairy Farm Depot

The Old Dairy Farm Depot is a Nineteenth Century building that currently houses the Foreign Correspondents' Club (in the North Block) and the Hong Kong Fringe Club (in the South Block). It is located at number 2 Lower Albert Road in the Central district of Hong Kong. The edge of the building faces Glenealy while its back faces Wyndham Street.

In 1890, a low-rise, brick and stucco structure was constructed on Lower Albert Road by Dairy Farm in Central Hong Kong. This building was used as a cold storage warehouse, initially. Later in 1913, this warehouse was expanded and renovated in order to include a dairy shop, a cold storage room and a room for meat smoking. The cold storage room was used to store winter clothing. A residency for the General Manager of the company was also added later.

During the 1970s, the company moved and the building was abandoned. The Hong Kong Fringe Club acquired the abandoned building in 1984. The Fringe club renovated the building extensively to make it a vibrant place for the contemporary arts. The Old Dairy Farm building has won the Hong Kong Government Heritage Award and it has been categorized as a Grade II Historic Building in Hong Kong.
Government House

4) Government House

The Government House is located on the Government Hill in the Central district of Hong Kong. This house is the official residence of the Chief Executive of Hong Kong. The structure was built in 1855 as a Colonial Renaissance style home, but during the Japanese occupation, it was significantly remodeled. Today the building has a hybrid Japanese-Neoclassical structure with a tower and roof elements, added by Japanese architect Seichi Fujimura in 1944.

In the past, when Hong Kong was under British rule, it was the official residence of the Governors of Hong Kong from 1855 to 1997. Out of the 27 British Governors’ of Hong Kong, 25 used the Government House as their official residence.

The House was designed by Charles St George Cleverly and its construction started eight years after Hong Kong was declared a British colony in 1851. The first Governor to reside in the Government House was Sir John Bowring. In 1891, a Ballroom was added to the original house for social functions. Even during the Japanese occupation, during World War II, the Government House was occupied by the official Japanese Military Governor.

Today, the Government House is home for the Chief Executive of Hong Kong. The current structure has been extensively renovated, and an elaborately expensive fish pond has also been added.
St. John's Cathedral

5) St. John's Cathedral (must see)

St John’s Cathedral, also known as the Cathedral Church of St. John the Evangelist is a beautiful cathedral, built in the shape of a cross. It is located in the Central district of Hong Kong, on Garden Road, a short distance away from the Peak Tram station. Their operating hours are from 7:00am to 6:00pm daily, and they allow visitors for quiet prayer and meditation during these hours.

Visitors can get any information that they require at the Welcome Table in the Porch after the Sunday morning service if they desire to do so. The Cathedral Office is also open weekdays from 9:00am to 5:00pm and from 9:00am to 12 noon during weekends.

St John’s Cathedral is an Anglican cathedral and it is also the Diocesan cathedral of the Diocese of Hong Kong. The cathedral also houses the Archbishop of Hong Kong. St John’s is one of the five Anglican cathedrals in HK, and it is one of the oldest Western ecclesiastical buildings in the city. It was opened for service on the 11th of March in the year 1847, and in 1996 it was declared a monument. During the Japanese occupation, the Japanese converted the cathedral into a club. Today, the cathedral has been restored and is open for service.

Why You Should Visit:
Exquisite church in the heart of the city jungle with peaceful and pretty courtyard seating.

Very often, you will find Wednesday lunchtime performances. There's even a cafe on the grounds call The Nest with a lovely selection of hot & cold drinks, biscuits, pies, etc. And the bookshop.

Opening Hours:
Mon-Fri: 7am-6pm; Sat-Sun: 7am-7:30pm
Sight description based on wikipedia
Court of Final Appeal

6) Court of Final Appeal

The Court of Final Appeal of Hong Kong is the court which has the final adjudication power on all the laws of the city of Hong Kong. It is located in the Former French Mission Building, in the Central district of Hong Kong Island.

On the first of July in the year 1997, Hong Kong’s sovereignty was transferred from the United Kingdom to China. Before this time, Hong Kong was under British rule and the powers of final adjudication on its laws were with the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in London. After gaining sovereignty from the United Kingdom, the Court of Final Appeal was established in Hong Kong.

The court is housed in the Former French Mission Building, which was originally a mansion called Johnston House. During the 1870s and 1880s the building was altered into a 3 storey building. The present building was constructed in 1917, and its design is based on “Beaconsfield”, a structure near the site of the French Mission Building. The building has a red brick facade, and is built in an Edwardian period, neo-classical style with granite blocks. The structure was constructed on a podium due to the hilly areas of the Government hill in Hong Kong.
Legislative Council Building

7) Legislative Council Building

The Legislative Council Building is also called the Former Supreme Court Building of Hong Kong. Until 1985, this building housed the former Supreme Court. After this, it was renamed the Legislative Council building of Hong Kong. The building is located in the Central district of Hong Kong, directly west of the Chater Gardens, and along the east end of Statue Square.

The Legislative Council Building was designed by the British architect who designed the eastern facade of Buckingham Palace, Sir Aston Webb. He along with and Ingress Bell, designed the original structure of the Legislative Council Building.

The structure was constructed on reclaimed land, and was opened to public on the 15th of January in the year 1912. Neo-classical architecture was used to design the building, and the 2 storey granite structure is supported by Ionic columns. The building is surmounted by a blind folded statue of Themis, the Greek Goddess of Justice and Law. This statue is identical to the statue erected on the Old Bailey of London.

The building had to undergo restoration in 1978, as it was severely affected by the construction of the Mass Transit Railway. The Legislative Council Building is one of the 92 declared monuments of Hong Kong.
Sight description based on wikipedia

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