George Washington's New York, New York

George Washington's New York (Self Guided), New York

While not really a New York fan himself, George Washington held the city in high esteem, calling it “a post of infinite importance,” and is even credited with coining the term “New Yorker”. The scene of some of Washington’s greatest military trials and political triumphs, NYC is a home to several important sites associated with his life and career, such as Fraunces Tavern, Bowling Green, St. Paul’s Chapel, and more.

Begin your tour with a stroll through the cool little City Hall Park in the heart of the very old part of Manhattan, where on July 9, 1776, people gathered in the commons to hear the Declaration of Independence read by George Washington. Thirteen years later, in the nearby Federal Hall, General Washington was named the first president of the United States and immediately after his inauguration, he went to the renowned St. Paul’s Chapel – Manhattan’s oldest surviving church - for a prayer.

After a fire in 1776 and major collapse in 1838, the 3rd Trinity Church is another fascinating sight whose parishioners included Alexander Hamilton (the face of the $10 bill), John Jay and George Washington. If not to say a prayer, the building’s history and architecture are enough to merit a visit and pay respects.

Round out with a visit to the Fraunces Tavern and the Bowling Green – an integral part of the president’s new landscape plan which he designed and implemented between 1784-87, including a lawn for playing the game of lawn bowls. Encircled with high-rise buildings, it’s just the right place for a break before pursuing further in your NYC adventures.

If you want to explore Washington's New York City in a beautiful historic area complete with pre-Revolutionary War landmarks and monuments, join us on this self-guided walking tour.
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George Washington's New York Map

Guide Name: George Washington's New York
Guide Location: USA » New York (See other walking tours in New York)
Guide Type: Self-guided Walking Tour (Sightseeing)
# of Attractions: 6
Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.6 Km or 1 Miles
Author: Xena
Sight(s) Featured in This Guide:
  • City Hall Park
  • St. Paul's Chapel
  • Federal Hall
  • Trinity Church
  • Bowling Green Park
  • Fraunces Tavern
1
City Hall Park

1) City Hall Park

While Boston and Philadelphia are thoroughly steeped in revolutionary history, New York’s contribution to the American independence is little noted despite the greatest price it had paid in terms of death and human suffering. Part of New York’s revolutionary heritage is closely associated with City Hall Park, a public park surrounding New York City Hall in the Civic Center of Lower Manhattan. During the Revolutionary era this part of the city was the site of many rallies and movements.

The Declaration of Independence may well have been enacted in Philadelphia, but the first soldiers rising bravely to the defense of American liberty were in New York. On July 9, 1776, the word of the newly signed Declaration reached George Washington, upon which he gathered his men on the New York Common, now City Hall Park, and had the Declaration read out to them, exhorting the troops to be worthy of the newly independent nation whose uniform they wore.

The very first blood of struggle for the cause was shed on the New York Common on August 11, 1766 during the so-called Liberty Pole Dispute in which the Sons of Liberty (a secret revolutionary organization advancing the rights of European colonists in American Colonies) erected the first Liberty Pole, a commemorative mast topped by a vane, featuring the word “Liberty”, outside barracks of the British occupation force. Although the soldiers had it chopped down, the post was repeatedly replaced – five times in total. A replica dating to 1921 now stands near its original location between City Hall and Broadway. On November 9, 1783, after the American troops recaptured the Civic Center, George Washington raised the American flag in the park for the first time.

Also the park houses a monument honoring America's most famous Revolutionary era martyr, Nathan Hale, a 21-year-old American spy. A graceful, 13-foot bronze statue set upon a granite base, facing directly the City Hall, illustrates the last moments of the hero shackled and bound, and is inscribed with the last words he had uttered prior to being hung by the British,“I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country.”
2
St. Paul's Chapel

2) St. Paul's Chapel

St. Paul's Chapel is an Episcopal church on the Columbia University campus. It was a gift to the campus from sisters Caroline Phelps Stokes and Olivia Egleston Phelps Stokes.

Construction of the church began in 1903 and was completed in 1907. It was designed by I.N. Phelps Stokes, nephew of the sisters who gifted the building to the campus. The church is influenced by a myriad of architectural styles, including Northern Italian Renaissance Revival, Byzantine and Gothic.

St. Paul's Chapel has a number of unique features in its interior. The 91-foot tall dome has 16 stained-glass windows that display coats of arms belonging to distinguished graduates.

Memorial tablets are also installed throughout the chapel. They are placed in honor of teachers and administrators, including Seth Low, the former college president, who was instrumental in moving Columbia University to Morningside Heights.

St. Paul's Chapel has often been recognized in popular culture. The Simon & Garfunkel classic "The Boxer" was partially recorded here. It was also featured in the Barbra Streisand film "The Mirror Has Two Faces."
3
Federal Hall

3) Federal Hall

The original Federal Hall at 28 Wall Street in Lower Manhattan was built in 1703. It replaced the old Stadt Huys, the first city hall in New York City, built in the 17th century during Dutch colonial times. The new structure was used as a city hall, a library, a firehouse, and a debtors prison. The Stamp Act Congress and the Continental Congress met there. The inauguration of George Washington as the first President of the United States was held on April 30, 1789, on the balcony of Federal Hall.

The Federal Hall demolished in 1812 was replaced by the Greek Revival-style Federal Hall. The new building designed by architects Ithiel Town and Alexander J. Davis was completed in 1842. The neoclassical edifice served as the U.S. Custom House and eventually the U.S. Sub-Treasury. It is today the Federal Hall National Memorial.

The building has a rotunda dome by sculptor John Frazee. The Greek Revival structure is built with Tuckahoe marble. The 18 steps of the main entrance are five-foot granite blocks. A large bronze sculpture of George Washington by sculptor John Quincy Adams Ward is installed on the front steps. The statue was unveiled in 1883 to commemorate the first inauguration of George Washington.

Doric colonnades hold up a triangular pediment. There are flat pilasters on the Nassau Street facade. The rotunda is 60 feet in diameter. It is an amphiprostyle with balconies. The wall of the rotunda has four sections, each containing four columns. A saucer dome tops the rotunda, covered with a circular skylight. The floor has marble blocks in a circular pattern. A stone in the center marks the spot where Washington once stood.

Federal Hall operates as a national memorial. It has tourist information about the monuments and parks in the New York Harbour area, and a New York City tourism information center. The memorial has several exhibits open to the public. The gift shop has colonial and early American items for sale.
4
Trinity Church

4) Trinity Church

Trinity Church is a traditional high church located not far from the intersection of Wall Street and Broadway in Lower Manhattan. Renowned for its storied past and endowment, this historic temple has been around since the late 17th century.

Originally built in 1698, the church had been remodeled three times until the current edifice came in 1846. Over the centuries, the Manhattan Trinity Church has held an important place in American history. During the American Revolution, it served as the British headquarters before being destroyed by the Great Fire of New York in 1776. The replacement building was completed in 1790 and saw many of the Nation's Founding Fathers, including Alexander Hamilton and John Jay, attending services. President Washington and members of his government often worshiped there.

The burial grounds outside the church are a who's who of the early days of the Nation. It is now a must-stop site for fans of the hit musical Hamilton (by composer Lin-Manuela Miranda), the lead character of which, Alexander Hamilton, is buried here alongside his wife and son. Washington’s aide and one of his most valued military staff, Hamilton was the Nation’s first Secretary of the Treasury after George Washington was elected president in 1789. Following Washington’s death in December 1799, for a brief period, he was also the most senior-ranking officer in the U.S. Army, until his retirement a year later.

Among other notable figures buried at Trinity are William Bradford (English printer, often referred to as "the pioneer printer of the Middle colonies"), Robert Fulton (American engineer and inventor of a commercial steamboat), William Alexander (also known as Lord Stirling, a Scottish-American major general during the American Revolutionary War), Francis Lewis (a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of New York), Hercules Mulligan (Irish-American tailor and spy during the American Revolutionary War), Edward Irving Koch (the mayor of New York City from 1978 to 1989), and others. Remarkably, the Trinity Church graveyard is also the only cemetery in Manhattan still in service.
5
Bowling Green Park

5) Bowling Green Park

Bowling Green is a small public park in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan. It was an area of public use since Dutch colonial days when it was also home to Fort New Amsterdam. The place was officially designated as a park in 1733. Bowling Green is the oldest park in New York City, enclosed in its 18th-century iron fence. The park actually was a bowling green early on and it had a statue of George III on horseback. George came down with the American Revolution.

Bowling Green was a notable historical site. There was a settlement of the indigenous Lenape people at the end of the Wickquasgeck Trail, which later became Broadway. The Dutch colonial governor of New Amsterdam, Peter Minuit bought Manhattan Island from the Lenape at the site of Bowling Green. In the early years, elegant federal-style townhouses were built around the park.

President George Washington resided at the Alexander Macomb House, the second Presidential Mansion on the north of the park at 39-41 Broadway. Washington lived in the house from February 23 to August 30, 1790, when the U.S. capital was moved to Philadelphia.

The park is an elliptical plaza. There is a large fountain in the center of the fenced-in lawn. A bronze sculpture of a "Charging Bull" designed by artist Arturo Di Modica, weighs 7,000 pounds. "Fearless Girl" by sculptor Kristen Visbal, faced off against the bull until she was moved in 2017 to face off against the New York Stock Exchange.
6
Fraunces Tavern

6) Fraunces Tavern

Fraunces Tavern is a landmark museum and a restaurant in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, sitting on the corner of Broad Street at 54 Pearl Street. Opened in 1762 by American restaurateur Samuel Fraunces, this location features much of the revolutionary history of New York before, during, and after the American Revolution. It was once the headquarters for George Washington, a venue for peace negotiations with the British, and a federal office in the Early Republic.

On the inside, Fraunces happens to be bigger than it looks on the outside. Whilst here, you may wish to see the lobby frequented by the likes of George Washington during the American Revolution or the Long Room in which he and his 185 friends gathered for a celebration dinner on November 25, 1783, after the British had left New York, known since as the “Evacuation Day.”

George Washington himself was a big fan of Fraunces’ cooking and even made the innkeeper his presidential steward. He generally liked taverns and booze and even named his three dogs Tipsy, Tippler, and Drunkard. As part of the American Whiskey Trail and the New York Freedom Trail, Fraunces is a must-go tourist site for history, whiskey, and beer lovers.

The whiskey bar has the best selection in the city, and the tavern’s beer selection is well-stocked. The restaurant serves a traditional American menu, offering meatloaf, steak (Fillet Mignon on a Stone is highly recommended!), various sandwiches and salads, plus desserts (creme brulee and pecan pie in particular).

The museum tells the story of the building, along with varied exhibitions of art and artifacts.

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