Traces of The Russian Revolution Walking Tour in St. Petersburg (Self Guided), St. Petersburg

In the early 20th century Russia endured several revolutions waged against the Tsarist autocracy. The old regime fell and gave rise to a new formation, the Soviet Union. All the Russian revolutions took place in Saint Petersburg. Take this tour and discover the traces of Russian revolutions that had effect on the course of history of Russia and the entire world.
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Traces of The Russian Revolution Walking Tour in St. Petersburg Map

Guide Name: Traces of The Russian Revolution Walking Tour in St. Petersburg
Guide Location: Russia » St. Petersburg (See other walking tours in St. Petersburg)
Guide Type: Self-guided Walking Tour (Sightseeing)
# of Attractions: 6
Tour Duration: 4 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 9.2 km
Author: emily
1
Cruiser Aurora

1) Cruiser Aurora (must see)

The Cruiser Aurora is a famous vessel that allegedly fired the first shot that launched the Revolution. The ship was constructed in 1897 by the New Admirateisky Shipyard and went into service in 1900. It was one of the biggest ships at its time of construction. It weighs 7,600 tons, is 416 feet long, and 55 feet wide. It is moored in front of the Nakhimov Naval Academy north of the Neva River.

The Cruiser Aurora has participated in many battles. Its first introduction to battle was the Russo-Japanese War. She then participated in the October 1917 Revolution, the Civil War, World War I, and World War II. After World War II, the Cruiser Aurora became a training center for the navy. In 1968, the craft received the Order of the Red Banner for her service performance.

The ship became a museum in 1956. The museum features over 500 documents, photographs, and objects that illustrate the ship’s illustrious history. The museum is closed the last Wednesday of each month. Tours of the underwater cruiser machine boiler are also available. Twenty-eight million people have visited the Cruiser Aurora since 1956.

Why You Should Visit:
The ship is almost brand new as it has been renovated in 2016. Not a lot of information in English, but there are enough interesting photos and artifacts in the museum below the deck to understand the most important historical facts.

Hours:
Tue-Thu, Sat-Sun: 10:30am-4pm
Sight description based on wikipedia
2
Finlyandsky Rail Terminal

2) Finlyandsky Rail Terminal

Best known as the terminal that Vladimir Lenin used to return to Russia from Germany to start the 1918 Revolution, the Finlyandsky Rail Terminal is a major terminal in St. Petersburg that provides a link to Finland and other Scandinavian countries. Lenin rode into St. Petersburg on engine #293 disguised as a railway worker. Previously, Lenin had to flee to avoid persecution during the July Days riots.

The Finnish State Railways built the terminal and Swedish architects designed it. The terminal opened in 1870. The station was owned by the Finnish State Railways until 1917 when the company’s employees left Russia. Later on, ownership of the company was exchanged for some Russian property in Finland.

The previous station even contained a pavilion for the Tsar and his family. The terminal building is impressive and large and has a number of conveniences for its passengers. A cafeteria, bank, ticket office, waiting room, and several retail stores are just some of the comforts customers can enjoy while waiting. In the 1950s, the current station was demolished and replaced with a modern structure. An estimated 12 million passengers travel the terminal each year. One cannot miss the impressive statue of Lenin across the street from the terminal.
Sight description based on wikipedia
3
Tauride Palace

3) Tauride Palace

Tauride Palace is one of the oldest and largest palaces in St. Petersburg. It was built on the orders of Catherine the Great for her lover Prince Grigory Potemkin of Tauride. The structure is also of great historical importance to the Russian people. Ivan Yegorovich Starov was the architect. Construction began in 1783 and was completed in 1789. The building consists of three buildings that feature a Neoclassical design. The center building is topped with a dome. Many structures across the country were based on the design of the palace.

Prince Grigory tried to use the palace to impress Catherine the Great. Regrettably, his magnificent parties failed to do so, and he left in defeat. After the Prince died in 1791, the Empress converted the residence into her summer townhouse. Once Catherine the Great died in 1796, Emperor Paul donated the building to a cavalry regiment to be used as barracks.

The palace was the location of the Duma in 1905. It was also the site where the provisional government was formed in 1917. And lastly, it was also the site where the first and last Constituent Assembly met in 1918. Currently, the palace is closed to the public and not available for tours.
Sight description based on wikipedia
4
Lenin Memorial Museum (Smolny Institute)

4) Lenin Memorial Museum (Smolny Institute)

The Lenin Memorial Museum is housed in a structure that used to contain the Smolny Institute for Noble Maidens. The building, built from 1806 to 1808, was one of the first educational institutes for women. It was at the Smolny where young girls were made into ladies. But, this is not why the building is important. The museum is located in a building that is a major part of Russian history.

During the October 1917 Revolution, the Smolny became Lenin’s temporary residence and then the headquarters for the local communist party. In 1927, a statue of Lenin was installed in front of the building. The statue designers were Vasily Kozlov, Vladimir Shchuko, and Vladimir Gelfreikh. In addition, Sergi Kirov, an important Bolshevik leader was assassinated at this location. In 1991, the Smolny became the seat of the city mayor and the city government.

The museum was established in 1992. The Smolny Photo/Document Exhibit, First Soviet Government Exhibit, and Days of the Siege Exhibit are some of the displays that remember the building’s history. Patrons will enjoy viewing Lenin’s office and living quarters, the assembly hall in which Lenin spoke, as well as the former school for the girls. The gallery is one of the few Lenin museums still in existence. An average of 62,000 people per year visit.
Sight description based on wikipedia
5
Apartment Museum of the Alliluevs

5) Apartment Museum of the Alliluevs

The Apartment Museum of the Alliluevs, often referred to as Lenin’s secret flat, was home to Sergey Allileuv, a Russian revolutionary and his daughter Nadezhda Allilueva, Stalin’s second wife. Allileuv was also a participant in the October 1917 Revolution. The Allileuvs provided refuge not only to Lenin, but to Stalin as well. Lenin only stayed for three days, until he could find a better place to hide. Stalin hid in the apartment for more than a year.

Established in 1937, the quaint apartment is a part of the Saint Petersburg Historical Memorial Museum of Smolny. The apartment furnishings are quite simple and bare, but they illustrate perfectly how the working class lived at that time. Visitors may find the display of the multiple Lenin statues atop many books a little eerie. There are many patriotic photographs of Lenin throughout the small dwelling. You will also be privy to Lenin’s voice via the gramophone that plays as you walk through the dwelling.

Although the apartment is an important part of Russian history because of Stalin and Lenin, it is actually more famous for being the home of Stalin’s tragic wife. An average of 10,000 patrons visits each year. Over 187 items are available for viewing. Only group visits are allowed.
6
Vosstaniya Square

6) Vosstaniya Square

Vosstaniya Square, also known as Uprising Square, is a major traffic hub located at the intersection of Nevsky Prospekt, Ligovsky Prospekt, Vosstaniya Street, and Goncharnaya Street. It is in front of the Moscow Terminal and the metro station Ploshchad Vosstaniya is also nearby. Additionally, trams, trolleybuses, buses, taxis, and marshrutkas use the square as a transportation hub. Prior to the Russian Revolution of February 1917, the square was named the Znamenskaya.

Fyodor Demertsov designed the Neoclassical structure. The Communists removed the original statue of Alexander III that was in the center of the square in 1937. The statue of Alexander III was moved to the Marble Palace in the 1990s. In 1985, the Hero-City Obelisk, a 36 meter pentahedron sculpture, was installed in the center of the square to celebrate the 40th anniversary of the Victory Day. A gold star tops the obelisk and bronze reliefs that celebrate Leningrad’s victory over the Germans decorate each side of the figure. The designers were Vladimir Lukyanov and Aleksandr Alymov.

The square is known Uprising Square due to the numerous political uprisings and protests that have occurred there. Thousands of commuters pass by the square each day. Vosstaniya Square is particularly beautiful when viewed at night.
Sight description based on wikipedia

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