American Civil War Trail 1

England, Liverpool Guide (A): American Civil War Trail 1

This guide takes you round locations in Liverpool city centre connected with the American Civil War. As an importer of cotton, it was in Liverpool's interest to back the Southern Confederate states and it became a place where Confederate agents sought to raise funds and purchase supplies for their war effort. The guide takes you to where those involved lived and worked during their time in Liverpool.
This article is featured in the app "GPSmyCity: Walks in 1K+ Cities" on iTunes App Store and Google Play. You can download the app to your mobile device to read the article offline and create a self-guided walking tour to visit the attractions featured in this article. The app turns your mobile device into a personal tour guide and it works offline, so no data plan is needed when traveling abroad.

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Walk Route

Guide Name: American Civil War Trail 1
Guide Location: England » Liverpool
Guide Type: Self-guided Walking Tour (Article (A))
# of Attractions: 10
Tour Duration: 2.0 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 6.7 km
Sight(s) featured in this guide: The Unofficial Confederate Embassy   US Consul Offices   River Mersey   Nathaniel Hawthorne's Residence   James Dunwoody Bulloch's Death Place   Charles K. Prioleau's Home   Ulysses S. Grant's Hotel   The Grand Southern Bazaar   John Surratt's Hideout   Confederate Club  
Author: Steven Horton
Author Bio: I am 39 years old and lived in Liverpool all my life, I am passionate about what my city has given to the world and wish to share my knowledge with others.
Author Website:
The Unofficial Confederate Embassy

1) The Unofficial Confederate Embassy

This site was a hive of activity during the American Civil War. When James Dunwoody Bulloch came to Liverpool in 1861, sent by Confederate president Jefferson Davis, he immediately established contact with shipping firm Fraser, Trenholm & Co who were located in 10 Rumford Place and also had offices in Charleston. Bulloch then took offices himself in number 6 and set about securing funds and contracts for the building of warships by selling southern cotton, making Fraser & Trenholm...
US Consul Offices

2) US Consul Offices

It was in Tower Buildings that the US Consul to Liverpool Thomas Haines Dudley had his offices during the war. From here, he was close enough to both the port and to the offices of Confederate sympathizers so he could keep an eye on their activities. After the war Dudley wished to return to America, but such was his knowledge of Confederate assets in Liverpool that he remained as consul until 1872, seizing what he could and returning the proceeds of sales to the US government. Dudley's...
River Mersey

3) River Mersey

Looking across the River Mersey to Birkenhead you can see Cammell Lairds shipyard, from where the Enrica was launched in 1862. With James Dunwoody Bulloch on board it travelled to international waters off the Azores, where it met with other ships and took on the necessary equipment to convert it to a military vessel, becoming the CSS Alabama. Over the next two years this warship captured over 65 Union ships, causing worldwide devastation and losses before being sank off the coast of France in...
Nathaniel Hawthorne's Residence

4) Nathaniel Hawthorne's Residence

These buildings which are now sadly in a severe state of disrepair were a boarding house in the 19th century. Author Nathaniel Hawthorne, who wrote the The Scarlet Letter and The Marble Faun, was US consul in Liverpool from 1853 to 1857 and lived here during periods when his wife was abroad. After he finished his period as consul, he toured France and Italy before returning to America, where he visited a number of battlefields. He then wrote an essay Chiefly About War Matters that was published...
James Dunwoody Bulloch's Death Place

5) James Dunwoody Bulloch's Death Place

After the war James Dunwoody Bulloch stayed in the Liverpool, becoming a British citizen and living in Sydenham Avenue in Toxteth, about 2 miles south of the city centre. He made his living from trading cotton in business with his brother Irvine. He died at 76 Canning Street, the home of his son in law Alderman Maxwell Hyslop Maxwell on 7th January 1901. His death certificate listed the cause of death as cancer of the rectum and cardiac failure and his occupation as ‘Naval Representative of...
Charles K. Prioleau's Home

6) Charles K. Prioleau's Home

Prioleau was a landowner from Savannah, Georgia who came to Liverpool in 1856 to work as a manager and partner for Fraser Trenholm & Co. He married a local girl in 1860 and became a naturalised British citizen but remained a keen participant in the Confederate war effort, acting as treasurer for the Grand Southern Bazaar. 19 Abercromby Square was built for Prioleau in 1863 and his Southern origins are evident. Bonnie Blue Stars are over a first floor window and the columns of the front...
Ulysses S. Grant's Hotel

7) Ulysses S. Grant's Hotel

Ulysses S. Grant was commander of the Union army at the end of the war and was then American president from 1869 to 1877. On ending his presidency he visited the UK, staying at the Adelphi on his way to meeting Queen Victoria at Windsor. The Adelphi that Grant stayed at stood on this site from 1826 to 1912, before it was knocked down and the present hotel of the same name built. Should you wish to look inside the hotel the Adelphi's bars and restaurants are open to the general...
Image by Sue Adair under Creative Commons License.
The Grand Southern Bazaar

8) The Grand Southern Bazaar

In October 1864 a four day fundraising event was held in St George's Hall to raise money for the families of southern prisoners of war. The event, of which Charles Prioleau of Fraser & Trenholm was treasurer, included concert performances, market stalls with goods from the southern states and raffles, whilst the hall was adorned with flags and portraits of confederate generals. The event raised £20,000, the equivalent of £12,500,000 today. Designed by Harvey Lonsdale Elmes, St...
Image by Martin Clark under Creative Commons License.
John Surratt's Hideout

9) John Surratt's Hideout

Just 5 days after the end of the American Civil War President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated in Washington DC by John Wilkes Booth on 14th April 1865. John Surratt had been a Confederate courier and spy during the war and was suspected of involvement in the assassination, having earlier been in a plot to kidnap the president. After the shooting he immediately fled for Montreal and on hearing that his mother Mary had been hanged in July for her part in the conspiracy to kill Lincoln, took a...
Confederate Club

10) Confederate Club

It was in these buildings that Confederates in Liverpool intended to open a club where they could hold regular meetings and raise funds. However as the tide turned against them in the war the idea was shelved. Designed by John Cunningham the buildings were eventually completed in 1868 and became a pub named the Crooked Billet, a popular music venue in which many local bands...

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